Haryana Government To Amend PLPA Act, Despite a Supreme Court Stay Order

Reported by

Damandeep SinghLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 6, 2021

Location of Conflict


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate

Forest Administration



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






On March 1, 2019, the Supreme Court stayed the amendments to the 119yearold Punjab Land Preservation Act (PLPA), admonishing the Haryana government for passing the amendment bill in "sheer contempt of court". The apex court termed the government's move a "misadventure" and accused it of destroying forests. Environmentalists hailed the court's order while property owners and real estate developers objected to the verdict. According to a news report, the amended law, if passed, would legalise more than 100 farmhouses/banquet halls constructed on forestland in Faridabad. According to environmentalists, the implementation of the proposed amendments will lead to destruction of the forests affecting native trees and herbs, migratory birds and wildlife. A Hindustan Times report attributes experts as saying that this will "severely threaten water security in the National Capital Region, increase desertification from Rajasthan and exacerbate air pollution". According to the Forest Survey of India assessment of 2017, Haryana has the smallest forest cover in the country3.59 per cent of its geographical area. Neelam Ahluwalia of NGO Aravalli Bachao movement, told Times of India: "The government must consult with experts about the implications of the bill and withdraw the amendment which stands to benefit the real estate sector only. As of July 2021, while the bill is yet to be notified, protests against environmental degradation and with demands for the withdrawal of the controversial bill continue.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

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Type of Common Land


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Has the Conflict Ended?


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Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Constitutional Law, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Supreme Court

Case Number

Writ Petition No. 4677 of 1985 - orders dated March 1, 2019 and September 11, 2018

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media), Protests/marches, Public campaign, Involvement of national and international NGOs, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

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Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

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Documented By

Damandeep Singh

Reviewed By

Damandeep Singh

Updated By

Damandeep Singh

Edited By

Damandeep SinghLand Conflict Watch

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