Adivasi Families Oppose Relocation Out of Sariska Tiger Reserve

Reported by

Manish Tiwari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 16, 2016

September 16, 2016

Updated on

September 16, 2016

Location of Conflict

Sariska

Alwar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

Tiger Reserve

)

People Affected by Conflict

1133

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

0

ha

Starting Year

2005

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

The Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar district was home to 959 families across 29 villages. In 2007, the Rajasthan government notified 881.11 square km of the tiger reserve area as Critical Tiger Habitat and decided to relocate the tribals and forest dwellers there to nearby villages. Over years, as the forest department officials began the process of relocating the affected families, people complained they have not been provided with adequate amenities. Also, the relocation has adversely affected their livelihood. There were also allegations that the forest department is coercing them to leave the park. "Majority of the families that had shifted opted for land packages as it is beneficial for them. The package includes 6 bighas of agriculture land, 60*90 sq ft plot and electric connection for agriculture," Times of India quoted a district official as saying in November 2020. As of June 2021, the relocation of the villagers still continues.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Demand for rehabilitation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

100

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Section 24 and 25 [Procedure to acquire land to constitute a sanctuary or national park]; Section 38V(4) [Subject to the Act, while preparing a Tiger Conservation Plan, the government shall take account of the agricultural, livelihood, developmental and other interests of people living in tiger reserves.]
Sariska Tiger Reserve Tiger Conservation Plan for period 2014-15 to 2023-24, Forest Department, Rajasthan dated December 31, 2014
Chapter 7.2.1 [Zone plan for voluntary village relocation]
National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2007
Rajasthan State Village Relocation Policy, Government of Rajasthan, 2002
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 4(2)(e) [For resettlement of forest rights holders, the consent of the Gram Sabhas in the areas concerned has to be obtained in respect of the proposed resettlement and the package.]
National Tiger Conservation Authority (Normative Standards for Tourism Activities and Project Tiger) Guidelines, 2012 dated October 15, 2012
Guideline 10.2.3 [Provides affected families with an option to opt for a cash or a rehabilitation package]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court

Case Number

D.B. Civil Writ Petition No.2627/2019

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Government (Forest Department), National Tiger Conservation Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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