Residents of Sunjwan Village in Jammu Disrupt Demolition Drive, Clash with Police

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Published on

April 23, 2021

April 23, 2021

Updated on

April 23, 2021

Location of Conflict

Sunjwan village

Jammu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Demolition drive

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

250

ha

Starting Year

2021

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Land Use

On January 22, 2021, the residents of Sunjwan village in Bhatindi in Jammu held a protest against the government authorities after an antiencroachment drive was started in the area. The Jammu Municipal Corporation (JMC) attempted to demolish shops/houses of 14 families on two hectares of land; however, the drive was halted as local people allegedly started pelting stones at the officials. They also damaged a police van and two JCB machines. According to Avny Lavasa, commissioner of the Jammu Municipal Corporation, one driver suffered a head injury while another was hit in the chest by a stone. We had issued notices to 14 families in Sunjwan village for allegedly expanding their shops and houses without seeking permission from the authorities. Some of these structures were built on forestland, she informed LCW. Some residents told the media that the timing of the antiencroachment drive, which was held at night, caused panic among the people. The told the media that the presence of security personnel and earthmovers sparked rumours and that people started coming out of their homes and clashed with the police. Meanwhile, some people have alleged that the JMC is selectively targeting Muslim properties in Sunjwan. Eviction drives have been taking place across Jammu and Kashmir after the Roshni Act, under which the ownership of state land was vested with occupants under certain conditions, was scrapped by the Jammu and Kashmir High Court in 2020.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to vacate land

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Jammu and Kashmir State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act, 2001
Section 8: [Vesting of rights over state land with the occupant or head of the family]; Section 9: [Estates Officer has power under the Jammu and Kashmir Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1988, to evict for the purposes of Section 8]
Jammu and Kashmir State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Rules, 2007
Section 8: [Procedure for eviction to include a notice that gives occupant one month to surrender possession]
Jammu and Kashmir Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1988
Section 4: [Notice to show cause against the order of eviction]; Section 5: [Eviction of unauthorised occupants]; Section 6: [Power to remove unauthorised construction]; Section 7: [Order of demolition of unauthorised construction]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a): [Right to live on and hold forestland]; Section 4(1): [Vesting of forest rights with traditional forest dwellers]
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Stone pelting

Property damage/arson

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Avny Lavasa, commissioner of the Jammu Municipal Corporation, told LCW that notices were issued to 14 families in Sunjwan village for allegedly expanding their shops and houses without seeking permission from the authorities. She added that some of these structures were built on forestland.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Avny Lavasa, commissioner of the Jammu Municipal Corporation, told LCW that notices were issued to 14 families in Sunjwan village for allegedly expanding their shops and houses without seeking permission from the authorities. She added that some of these structures were built on forestland.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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