Residents of Narwal Bathindi disrupt demolition drive, clash with police in Jammu and Kashmir

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

September 26, 2022

September 26, 2022

Updated on

September 26, 2022

Location of Conflict

Narwal Bathindi

Bathindi crossing road

Jammu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

52

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

13

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Land Use

On March 27, 2022, the residents of Jammu blocked the Narwal Bypass road and held a protest against the government authorities after an anti-encroachment drive was started in the area.

The revenue department amid heavy deployment of police and paramilitary forces demolished 52 structures which includes buildings and shops of 90 families on 32.5 acres of land near Bathindi crossing on the Narwal Bypass. 

However, the drive was halted as hundreds of people took to streets and blocked the highway by burning tyres and staging a sit-in against the “selective drive”. It was deemed selective by the people because a nearby mall situated on similar common land was not affected by the drive. They also felt it was aimed at Muslims living in the area only. One of the protesters, Shabir Ahmad, told media, "They came around 4 am and started the demolition drive without any prior notice. The law is equal for everyone, but why this selective drive in our areas? Was the government sleeping when the buildings were raised?". The residents said they have electricity connections and ration cards, so there is no justification for the drive. "It is nothing but hooliganism,” they alleged. Other residents who protested on the road also claimed to have legal documents for the land in question.

According to media reports the local administration had a difficult time in maintaining law and order under control. Additional Deputy Commissioner, Jammu, Shyambir said, "We suspended the drive on public demand and asked them to form a committee to raise their issues at the right forum. We are here to address their genuine issues." However, while speaking to LCW, he said, "We have directions to retrieve the land. We will continue to retrieve all the State land from encroachers."

Eviction drives have been taking place across Jammu and Kashmir after the Roshni Act, under which the ownership of state land was vested with occupants under certain conditions, was scrapped by the Jammu and Kashmir High Court in 2020.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Common

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Prof. S. K. Bhalla v. State of Jammu & Kashmir and Ors. (PIL No. 19/2011, order dated October 9, 2020)
On October 9, 2020, the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir held that the Jammu and Kashmir State Land (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act 2001, [also known as Roshni Act] to be unconstitutional. Prior to this judgment, residents of the State would apply under this Act to regularize their occupation on public land. 
Jammu and Kashmir Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1988
Section 4 [Estate Officer to call upon person suspected of encroaching by a notice in writing to produce documentary within seven days of date of notice]; Section 5 [Estate Officer required to make an order of eviction with recorded reasons if the public premises are to be vacated]; Section 7 [Estate officer may issue order of demolition for unauthorized constructions only after notice of minimum 5 days is issued. The affected parties must be given a reasonable opportunity to be heard].
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Blockades

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu and Kashmir Revenue Department, Jammu and Kashmir Police, CRPF

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Additional Deputy Commissioner, Jammu, Shyambir told LCW that the land belongs to the state as it is a common land. "We have directions to retrieve the land. We will continue to retrieve all the State land from encroachers," he said

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Locals

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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