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Residents of Mumbai's Lumbini Bagh fight illegal eviction by developer for slum redevelopment

Reported by

Shubham Kothari

Legal Review by

Anmol Gupta

Edited by

Anupa Sagar Kujur

Updated by

Updated by

Published on

March 19, 2024

March 20, 2024

Edited on

March 19, 2024

Sector

Infrastructure

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Infrastructure

Starting Year

2006

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

31

ha

Households Affected by Conflict

1411

People Affected by Conflict

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Infrastructure

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

1411

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

31

ha

Starting Year

2006

Location of Conflict

Govandi

Mumbai Suburban

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Infrastructure

Land Conflict Summary

On January 3, 2023, a large number of police personnel along with a demolition squad entered Lumbini Bagh, Govandi, Mumbai to demolish houses and pave way for slum redevelopment. The residents resisted the eviction, but two houses were razed down by the squad.

The residents of Lumbini Bagh elected a managing housing committee for the redevelopment of the slum on August 21, 2006. The committee had appointed had appointed Reliable Realtors for the redevelopment of 1,411 houses of Lumbini Bagh.

Since 2014-15, Reliable Realtors was engaged in redevelopment of slums in the nearby village of Deonar in Bhimwadi as well. Whereas, various permissions were issued for the Bhimwadi slum rehabilitation scheme from time to time, the project came to a standstill in March 2021. In December 2023, the residents of Bhimwadi elected to have another developer take over the project due to the non-performance of Reliable Realtors.

In 2022, Reliable Realtors signed a memorandum of understanding with Tanishka Reality LLP of Ghatkopar. Through this MOU,  Tanishka builder clubbed the redevelopment of Lokhit co-op housing society, Ghatkopar, with the redevelopment of Lumbini Bagh. The redevelopment of Lokhit co-op housing society required the Tanishka builder to provide the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai with 196 Permanent Transit Tenements in the specified redevelopment plot or club the Permanent transit tenements in a slum redevelopment project within 5km of the redevelopment plot. Tanishka builders therefore, decided to shift the Permanent transit camp on redevelopment plot of Lumbini Bagh in exchange of financial support of Rs 105.37 crore to Reliable builder for phase 1 of Lumbini Bagh redevelopment involving rehabilitation and eviction of 357 homes in Lumbini Bagh.

The housing committee elected by the residents did not inform about the agreement between Reliable Realtors and Tanishka Reality_ to the residents. _In December 2023, the residents started receiving eviction orders under section 33 and section 38 of Maharashtra Slum Act 1971 before the builder deposited the necessary transit rent with the Slum Rehabilitation Authority and individual agreements with each residents.

Furthermore, the police came with a demolition squad on 3 January 2023 and razed down two houses without following the procedure. After this, the residents held a large protest gathering in the slum. This led to a meeting with the CEO of SRA to complain about the procedural violation.

The CEO called for a joint meeting with the developer, residents and their committee to resolve the conflict. The CEO ruled in the favour of the residents and imposed strict monitoring regulations on the developer to follow the procedures.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for compensation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Residential area

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

105.37

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2022

Page Number In Investment Document:

5

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

January 2024

Why did the conflict end?

Community's original demands were met

The CEO of SRA approved the two demands of the community

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971
Section 3A [Appointment of a slum rehabilitation authority for areas falling under the Act. Such officials to ensure rehabilitation scheme for slums is implemented.] Section 3Z [State government must consider relocation and rehabilitation of occupants falling under this Act before eviction]  Section 33 [Competent authority may direct any person carrying on any dangerous or offensive trade in slum area to remove such trade. Written notice and an opportunity to be heard must be given to the person.] Section 38 [Competent Authority may direct the demolition of any structure in the slum area. Written notice and an opportunity to be heard must be given to the person.]
Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966
Section 33 [Planning authority may prepare comprehensive plans for development of particular areas, including slum areas. Such plans must go through the same procedure of public consultation]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The residents approached the Slum Rehabilitation Authority: a) To deposit the transit rent amount of 2+1 years with residents and in SRA before eviction b) Individual agreement between builder and resident before eviction

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

The CEO of Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) approved the two demands and passed an order in support of the two demand

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Chief Executive Officer, Slum Rehabilitation Authority

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Bombay High Court

Case Number

WP 34498/2023 (OS) [HC],

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

A writ petition has been filed before the Bombay High Court under the Maharashtra Slum Areas Act, 1971. However, the matter has not been heard yet. There is no information regarding the next date of hearing. After the evictions, the residents held a large protest gathering in the slum. This led to a meeting with the CEO of slum rehabilitation authority to complain about the procedural violation. The CEO called for a joint meeting with the developer, residents and their committee to resolve the conflict. The slum rehabilitation authority held that the developers must deposit 11 months of transit rent to the slum dwellers. The authority made a distinction between eligible and non-cooperative slum dwellers. For the non-cooperative slum dwellers, the authority noted that they must vacate their dwellings or be evicted through due process of law.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Slum Rehabilitation Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Protest gathering against forceful eviction in Lumbini bagh

Image Credit:  

Shubham kothari

Image Credit:  

Video

Santosh patil

On January 3, 2023, a large number of police personnel along with a demolition squad entered Lumbini Bagh, Govandi, Mumbai to demolish houses and pave way for slum redevelopment. The residents resisted the eviction, but two houses were razed down by the squad.

The residents of Lumbini Bagh elected a managing housing committee for the redevelopment of the slum on August 21, 2006. The committee had appointed had appointed Reliable Realtors for the redevelopment of 1,411 houses of Lumbini Bagh.

Since 2014-15, Reliable Realtors was engaged in redevelopment of slums in the nearby village of Deonar in Bhimwadi as well. Whereas, various permissions were issued for the Bhimwadi slum rehabilitation scheme from time to time, the project came to a standstill in March 2021. In December 2023, the residents of Bhimwadi elected to have another developer take over the project due to the non-performance of Reliable Realtors.

In 2022, Reliable Realtors signed a memorandum of understanding with Tanishka Reality LLP of Ghatkopar. Through this MOU,  Tanishka builder clubbed the redevelopment of Lokhit co-op housing society, Ghatkopar, with the redevelopment of Lumbini Bagh. The redevelopment of Lokhit co-op housing society required the Tanishka builder to provide the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai with 196 Permanent Transit Tenements in the specified redevelopment plot or club the Permanent transit tenements in a slum redevelopment project within 5km of the redevelopment plot. Tanishka builders therefore, decided to shift the Permanent transit camp on redevelopment plot of Lumbini Bagh in exchange of financial support of Rs 105.37 crore to Reliable builder for phase 1 of Lumbini Bagh redevelopment involving rehabilitation and eviction of 357 homes in Lumbini Bagh.

The housing committee elected by the residents did not inform about the agreement between Reliable Realtors and Tanishka Reality_ to the residents. _In December 2023, the residents started receiving eviction orders under section 33 and section 38 of Maharashtra Slum Act 1971 before the builder deposited the necessary transit rent with the Slum Rehabilitation Authority and individual agreements with each residents.

Furthermore, the police came with a demolition squad on 3 January 2023 and razed down two houses without following the procedure. After this, the residents held a large protest gathering in the slum. This led to a meeting with the CEO of SRA to complain about the procedural violation.

The CEO called for a joint meeting with the developer, residents and their committee to resolve the conflict. The CEO ruled in the favour of the residents and imposed strict monitoring regulations on the developer to follow the procedures.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for compensation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

105.37

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2022

Page Number In Investment Document:

5

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

January 2024

Why did the conflict end?

Community's original demands were met

The CEO of SRA approved the two demands of the community

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971
Section 3A [Appointment of a slum rehabilitation authority for areas falling under the Act. Such officials to ensure rehabilitation scheme for slums is implemented.] Section 3Z [State government must consider relocation and rehabilitation of occupants falling under this Act before eviction]  Section 33 [Competent authority may direct any person carrying on any dangerous or offensive trade in slum area to remove such trade. Written notice and an opportunity to be heard must be given to the person.] Section 38 [Competent Authority may direct the demolition of any structure in the slum area. Written notice and an opportunity to be heard must be given to the person.]
Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966
Section 33 [Planning authority may prepare comprehensive plans for development of particular areas, including slum areas. Such plans must go through the same procedure of public consultation]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The residents approached the Slum Rehabilitation Authority: a) To deposit the transit rent amount of 2+1 years with residents and in SRA before eviction b) Individual agreement between builder and resident before eviction

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

The CEO of Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) approved the two demands and passed an order in support of the two demand

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Chief Executive Officer, Slum Rehabilitation Authority

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Bombay High Court

Case Number

WP 34498/2023 (OS) [HC],

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

A writ petition has been filed before the Bombay High Court under the Maharashtra Slum Areas Act, 1971. However, the matter has not been heard yet. There is no information regarding the next date of hearing. After the evictions, the residents held a large protest gathering in the slum. This led to a meeting with the CEO of slum rehabilitation authority to complain about the procedural violation. The CEO called for a joint meeting with the developer, residents and their committee to resolve the conflict. The slum rehabilitation authority held that the developers must deposit 11 months of transit rent to the slum dwellers. The authority made a distinction between eligible and non-cooperative slum dwellers. For the non-cooperative slum dwellers, the authority noted that they must vacate their dwellings or be evicted through due process of law.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Slum Rehabilitation Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Satish Lokhande, CEO, Slum Rehabilitation Authority The SRA CEO agreed on the two demands of slum dwellers.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
Protest gathering against forceful eviction in Lumbini bagh

Protest gathering against forceful eviction in Lumbini bagh

Image Credit:  

Shubham kothari

Protest gathering against forceful eviction in Lumbini bagh

Image Credit:  

Santosh patil

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Maharashtra

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