Legal Data by
May 21, 2017
May 21, 2017
May 21, 2017
The Government of India granted licence to a Netherlands-based company called Jubiliant Oil and Gas Private Limited (JOGPL) to explore and drill two oil blocks in some districts in Manipur under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Khaidem Awang Leikai was one of the districts. Earlier, in 2003 and 2009, the government had undertaken a series of promotions globally in major cities like London and Perth to attract bids to oil companies. Subsequently, in 2010, the production sharing contract for both the oil blocks was signed by the government and the petroleum exploration licences were granted. JOGPL was set to drill oil from 30 oil wells identified by Alpha Geo Company, which was conducting seismic studies for JOGPL. To this end, Asian Oil Fields (AOF) Limited and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas signed a contract to test the presence of oil in the region.
In May 2017, AOF, under the petroleum ministry's Oil India Limited, initiated testing for the presence of oil in Khaidem village in Imphal West, using explosives. This was when the issue surfaced: the locals' had been in the dark all through the years and were just learning about the project. Immediately, they gathered near the survey site and banned all oil exploration work in the area. They demanded the company to stop the work and provide all details of the project, such as the Detailed Project Report, the Environmental Impact Assessment, the Social Impact Assessment, the Environment Management Plan and all agreements made among the Government of India, Government of Manipur and the companies.
On May 18, 2017, a community meet regarding the issue was held, and several local communities and organisations participated in it, condemning the oil exploration surveys and the lack of procedural go-aheads. Feeling disrespected, the locals rejected the No Objection Certificates obtained by bribing local leaders without following official procedures. The residents feared that the oil exploration and drilling would pollute their land and the environment. They have asserted that oil exploration cannot happen without their consent.
It is not clear how much land will be affected because the survey work for the presence of oil could not be completed. There has been no land acquisition so far.
Complaint against procedural violations
Opposition against environmental degradation
Refusal to give up land for the project
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Manipur, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Manipur State Level Convention on Oil Exploration team
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Oil India Limited
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Jubiliant Oil and Gas Private Limited, Asian Oil fields, Alpha Geo Company
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:
Khaidem Golden Youth Club, Local residents