Tribals Displaced by Rengali Dam Demand Community Forest Rights Following Plantation Drives

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

June 19, 2017

June 19, 2017

Updated on

June 19, 2017

Location of Conflict

Mahasindhu

Deoghar

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

384

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

50

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

The Odisha government initiated the Rengali Dam project on the Mahanadi River in 1983. The dam was constructed to regulate the flow of the Mahanadi River, to deal with the floods and droughts in the region, and to produce hydroelectricity through several hydroelectric plants. Several families were displaced from Sambalpur and Dhenkanal districts to make space for the dam. Some of these families were relocated to Mahasindhu village in Deogarh district in 1985.  Most of these families belonged to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) Pauri Bhuyan. They are dependent on the surrounding forests for their livelihood. However, in 201516, the forest department started fencing off areas and carried out plantations of commercial species like teak, acacia over 10 hectare of land which was being used by these families. They filed a petition with the ST & SC Development, Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare Department Government of Odisha, demanding recognition of their Community forest resource rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and also opposed plantation over the land in October, 2016. When LCW reached out to the villagers in 2021, they informed that there was no conflict and plantations had stopped.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Violation of free prior informed consent

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development Department

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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