The Odisha government initiated the Rengali Dam project on the Mahanadi River in 1983. The dam was constructed to regulate the flow of the Mahanadi River, to deal with the floods and droughts in the region, and to produce hydroelectricity through several hydroelectric plants. Several families were displaced from Sambalpur and Dhenkanal districts to make space for the dam. Some of these families were relocated to Mahasindhu (B) village Riamal Block of the Deogarh district in 1985. Most of these families belonged to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) Pauri Bhuyan. They were dependent on the surrounding forests for their daily needs and food. They collected minor forest produce like like Mahua, Sal, Harida and other medicinal herbs and practiced shifting cultivation in the forests. However, in 2015-16, the forest department started fencing the forests and carried out plantation of commercial species like teak, acacia over 10 hectare of land used by these families. The Gramsabha members of Mahasindhu village have been protesting against this. They have filed a petition with the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Caste Development Department, demanding recognition of their Community forest resource rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and opposing the plantation of commercial species over the claimed land in October, 2016.
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation / violation of the FRA, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Department, Government of Odisha
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development Department