Rengali Dam-Displaced Tribals Being Relocated to Make Plantations

Reported by

Sanghamitra DubeyLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict

Mahasindhu B, Riamal Block


This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

The Odisha government initiated the Rengali Dam project on the Mahanadi River in 1983. The dam was constructed to regulate the flow of the Mahanadi River, to deal with the floods and droughts in the region, and to produce hydroelectricity through several hydroelectric plants. Several families were displaced from Sambalpur and Dhenkanal districts to make space for the dam. Some of these families were relocated to Mahasindhu (B) village Riamal Block of the Deogarh district in 1985. Most of these families belonged to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) Pauri Bhuyan. They were dependent on the surrounding forests for their daily needs and food. They collected minor forest produce like like Mahua, Sal, Harida and other medicinal herbs and practiced shifting cultivation in the forests. However, in 2015-16, the forest department started fencing the forests and carried out plantation of commercial species like teak, acacia over 10 hectare of land used by these families. The Gramsabha members of Mahasindhu village have been protesting against this. They have filed a petition with the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Caste Development Department, demanding recognition of their Community forest resource rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and opposing the plantation of commercial species over the claimed land in October, 2016.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation / violation of the FRA, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development Department

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Reviewed By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Updated By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Edited By

Sanghamitra DubeyLand Conflict Watch

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