Rengali Dam-Displaced Tribals Being Relocated to Make Plantations

Reported by

Sanghamitra DubeyLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 1, 2019

Location of Conflict

Mahasindhu B, Riamal Block



This is A Schedule Five District

Region Classification

Reason or Cause of Conflict




Type of Land


Type of Common Land





Conservation and Forestry

Starting Year


People Affected
by Conflict


Investment Affected (in Crores)

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


The Odisha government initiated the Rengali Dam project on the Mahanadi River in 1983. The dam was constructed to regulate the flow of the Mahanadi River, to deal with the floods and droughts in the region, and to produce hydroelectricity through several hydroelectric plants. Several families were displaced from Sambalpur and Dhenkanal districts to make space for the dam. Some of these families were relocated to Mahasindhu (B) village Riamal Block of the Deogarh district in 1985. Most of these families belonged to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) Pauri Bhuyan. They were dependent on the surrounding forests for their daily needs and food. They collected minor forest produce like like Mahua, Sal, Harida and other medicinal herbs and practiced shifting cultivation in the forests. However, in 201516, the forest department started fencing the forests and carried out plantation of commercial species like teak, acacia over 10 hectare of land used by these families. The Gramsabha members of Mahasindhu village have been protesting against this. They have filed a petition with the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Caste Development Department, demanding recognition of their Community forest resource rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and opposing the plantation of commercial species over the claimed land in October, 2016.

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Government of Odisha

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development Department

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

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