Tribal Families Await Rehabilitation after Dissolution of Karnataka EMTA Mining Project in Maharashtra

Reported by

Pravin Mote

Published on

March 19, 2017

March 19, 2017

Updated on

March 19, 2017

Location of Conflict

Baranj Mokasa

Chak Baranj, Kesurli Kodhali, Somnala, Bonthala villages

Chandrapur

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Coal Mining

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

6173

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1457

ha

Starting Year

2003

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Mining

Karnataka Emta Coal Mines Limited (KECML) is a subsidiary company of Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL), which has a partnership with the Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency (EMTA), West Bengal. In 2008, KECL acquired 1457.2 hectares of land spread across seven villages in Chandrapur district for coal mining. The project was estimated to affect 1,519 families.
In August 2014, the Supreme Court cancelled all allocations of private captive mines across India after the Coalgate Scam. Even as coal blocks were reallocated to KPCL from April 1, 2015, the earlier deallocation of coal blocks had negated the agreement between KPCL and EMTA, which led to the dissolution of the joint venture KECML. This rendered jobless 158 projectaffected workers, 51 local workers and 208 employees of EMTA. KPCL, which assumed full control over the erstwhile EMTA coal mine after the reallocation of coal blocks, attempted to sack over 400 workers of the mine. However, the affected people allege that they have not been provided proper rehabilitation nor they have been given the promised jobs after their land was acquired. They say the jobs provided were contractual in nature, with wages ranging from INR 4,0008,000 per month.
According to local activists, KECML is supposed to eventually resettle the entire village, but no proposal for resettlement has been put forward by the company yet. With no agricultural land, residents are struggling to earn a livelihood. The Rashtriya Koyla Kamgar Sangharsh Manch filed a plea with the assistant labour commissioner against KECML and warned of a strong agitation if it did not reinstate the workers.
As of February 2020, the mine remains abandoned after KPCL was unable to find a new operator even as the affected people await rehabilitation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for employment

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

524

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11 [The Collector has the power to take possession of land on making an award of compensation to the affected families. The land shall vest absolutely with the government, free of all encumbrances]
Maharashtra Project Affected Persons Rehabilitation Act, 1999
Section 10(6)(b) [The companies/persons benefiting from the acquired land shall provide employment to not less than five per cent of the nominees of the affected persons]; Schedule 1 [Agricultural labourers in the affected zone shall be entitled to 40 acres of land in the benefited zone]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i) [The Gram Sabha shall be consulted before rehabilitating persons affected by development projects in Scheduled Areas]
Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015
Section 8 [A vesting order or an allotment order will be issued to transfer upon the new successful bidder any statutory approval or consent already issued to the prior allottee]; Section 21(2) [Acquisition of land - All such areas of land that are not the subject matter of land acquisition proceedings under the LARR Act, 2013, may be proceeded with by the Union government in terms of the Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957. This implies that the farmers will not be eligible to claim more compensation under the LARR Act 2013 as the land acquisition is not subject to this law]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Coal

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Rashtriya Koyla Kamgar Sangharsh Manch

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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