Rajasthan Farmers Demand Four Times Compensation Offered by Government for Highway Project

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 16, 2020

Location of Conflict



Alwar, Baswa, Lalsot, Sawai Madhopur and Kota districts


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)






The eight-lane 1,352-kilometre-long Delhi-Mumbai Expressway under the Bharatmala Pariyojna was envisaged in 2015 by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways as a flagship road development project. The current Delhi-Mumbai national corridor is a six-lane highway. The existing infrastructure is insufficient to cater to the growing traffic, which is why the government felt the need to increase capacity. The proposed expressway has the provision to be expanded to 12 lanes in the future, with commercial facilities on the wayside, such as motels/dormitories for truck drivers and hotels for car/bus passengers, in addition to fuel stations and restaurants. According to Y.B. Singh, project director of the National Highways Authority of India in Rajasthan, the expressway will pass through Alwar, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Kota and Jhalawar districts in the state, covering almost 390 kilometres. The land acquisition process across these districts started in September 2018. In early 2019, the Pradesh Kisan Sangarsh Samiti led a protest by farmers whose lands would be acquired for the expressway as they were unhappy with the compensation offered by the government, which was about two times the market rate. They demanded a compensation either four times the rate proposed by the district level committee (DLC) or four times the market value of the land. Himmat Singh, leader of the Samiti, alleged that in 2016, the state government had diluted the Land Acquisition Act passed by the Centre in 2013 by introducing a Bill in the state Assembly. He told LCW that in keeping with the provisions of the Bill, the state government reduced the DLC rate of land by 25 per cent in 2018, which also lowered the compensation rate. In January 2020, about 50 farmers from the affected villages dug pits and sat inside them to mark their protest against the land acquisition and inadequate compensation. They called their protest Bhoomi Satyagraha, but it had to be called off due to the coronavirus pandemic crisis. Singh also told LCW that in the first phase of the expressway work stretching from Delhi to Lalsot in Dausa district, compensation has been disbursed to 50 per cent of the farmers and that the remaining amount would be disbursed soon. In February, protesters launched a Chipko Andolan as a peaceful movement to demand higher compensation. They gathered in Dhanawad village in Dausa and hugged trees. The agitation was called off later in the day after the Dausa district collector met the protesters and assured them that the state government would try to ensure adequate compensation for the affected farmers.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):


Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Compensation as per Land Acquisition Act, 2013

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India, Rajasthan Government

Y.B Singh, Project Director, NHAI, said, "Compensation to the affected farmers is being provided as per the LARR Act, 2013. Compensation could not be awarded due to the Covid-19 lockdown, but the process has started once again. The compensation for other assets coming in the way, such as trees and tubewells, besides land, is also being provided. All issues are being resolved."

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now