Rajasthan Farmers Demand Higher Compensation for Delhi-Mumbai Expressway Project

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 20, 2021

Location of Conflict


Alwar, Baswa, Lalsot, Sawai Madhopur and Kota districts


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year






The eightlane 1,352kilometrelong DelhiMumbai Expressway under the Bharatmala Pariyojna was envisaged in 2015 by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways as a flagship road development project. The current DelhiMumbai national corridor is a sixlane highway. The existing infrastructure is insufficient to cater to the growing traffic, which is why the government felt the need to increase capacity. The proposed expressway has the provision to be expanded to 12 lanes in the future, with commercial facilities on the wayside, such as motels/dormitories for truck drivers and hotels for car/bus passengers, in addition to fuel stations and restaurants. According to Y.B. Singh, project director of the National Highways Authority of India in Rajasthan, the expressway will pass through Alwar, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Kota and Jhalawar districts in the state, covering almost 390 kilometres. The land acquisition process across these districts started in September 2018. In early 2019, the Pradesh Kisan Sangarsh Samiti led a protest by farmers whose lands would be acquired for the expressway as they were unhappy with the compensation offered by the government, which was about two times the market rate. They demanded a compensation either four times the rate proposed by the district level committee (DLC) or four times the market value of the land. Himmat Singh, leader of the Samiti, alleged that in 2016, the state government had diluted the Land Acquisition Act passed by the Centre in 2013 by introducing a Bill in the state Assembly. He told LCW that in keeping with the provisions of the Bill, the state government reduced the DLC rate of land by 25 per cent in 2018, which also lowered the compensation rate. In January 2020, about 50 farmers from the affected villages** **dug pits and sat inside them to mark their protest against the land acquisition and inadequate compensation. They called their protest Bhoomi Satyagraha, but it had to be called off due to the coronavirus pandemic crisis. Singh also told LCW that in the first phase of the expressway work stretching from Delhi to Lalsot in Dausa district, compensation has been disbursed to 50 per cent of the farmers and that the remaining amount would be disbursed soon. In February, protesters launched a Chipko Andolan as a peaceful movement to demand higher compensation. They gathered in Dhanawad village in Dausa and hugged trees. The agitation was called off later in the day after the Dausa district collector met the protesters and assured them that the state government would try to ensure adequate compensation for the affected farmers.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Public campaign, Refusal of compensation, Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India, Rajasthan Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Y.B Singh, Project Director, NHAI, said, "Compensation to the affected farmers is being provided as per the LARR Act, 2013. Compensation could not be awarded due to the Covid-19 lockdown, but the process has started once again. The compensation for other assets coming in the way, such as trees and tubewells, besides land, is also being provided. All issues are being resolved."

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Ashish Gaur

Reviewed By

Ashish Gaur

Updated By

Ashish Gaur

Edited By

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

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