Descendents of Farmers from Raisina Hills Demand Compensation under LARR Act

Reported by

Eleonora Fanari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 19, 2017

January 19, 2017

Updated on

January 19, 2017

Location of Conflict

Raisina Hills

New Delhi

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

24

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

725

ha

Starting Year

1912

State

Delhi

Sector

Infrastructure

Commonly referred to as the seat of the Indian government, Raisina Hills housing the offices of the president, the prime minister and various Union ministries encompasses a vast stretch of land, initially carved out of seven villages. The descendants of those who had to relinquish their land for the development of the parliamentary complex, almost 100 years ago, have demanded due compensation for the land lost. In 1912, the British government had acquired about 1,700 acres of this land from farmers residing in 150 villages to transfer the Capital of the country from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Some of the descendants of those farmers, now relocated in Haryana, are asking for compensation for the acquired land at the current market rate. While for some, as per the petition, their ancestors were bereft of any compensation, for others, their ancestors were not provided with adequate compensation, with certain landowners refusing to accept the amount. In April 2015 and later in December 2016, two such descendants Mahavir from Raisina village and Sajjan Singh from Malcha village filed petitions at the Delhi high court claiming compensation. According to them, their ancestors were evicted under the erstwhile colonial Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Evoking the 2013 Land Acquisition Act, they have demanded that either full compensation be provided to them as per current market rates or the land in Raisina Hills be returned to them. The significant question underpinning the issue is whether the petitioner's claims hold ground, given that over a hundred years have passed since the initial acquisition process. The petitioners had pinned their hopes on the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, according to which if "an award was made five years or more prior to the commencement of the Act itself, but physical possession of the land has not been taken by the government, or compensation has not been paid, the acquisition proceedings shall be deemed to have been lapsed" . However, in 2020, a fivejudge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that old compensation claims cannot be revived nor can "unending litigations" derail the progress of current projects. It cited the Raisina Hills issue as an example, stating that the compensation claims of the farmers were invalid. It explained that under the new law, land acquisition processes would only be considered lapsed if they had been initiated five years prior to January 1, 2014, when the new law came into being.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand to get back acquired land

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 34 [When compensation has not been paid or deposited before taking possession of the land, the collector shall pay an interest of nine per cent from the time of taking possession until the compensation has been paid]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2) [Where an award under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, is made five years or more prior to the date of commencement of this Act, but physical possession of the land has not been taken or compensation has not been paid, the previous proceedings shall be deemed to have lapsed and fresh proceedings can be initiated under the new Act]
Indore Development Authority v. Manoharlal & Ors. (SLP (C) Nos. 9036-9038 of 2016, Supreme Court)
Section 24(2) of the 2013 Land Acquisition Act cannot be used to reopen old acquisitions where compensation has been paid and the proceedings have been concluded.
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Delhi, Supreme Court of India

Case Number

W.P.(C) 129/2017; SLP (C) No. 24781/2017

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of India, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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