Residents of Sanphurla Village in Odisha Resist Plantations under MNREGA Funds

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

October 18, 2017

October 18, 2017

Updated on

October 18, 2017

Location of Conflict

Sanphurla

Kalahandi

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

758

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

67

ha

Starting Year

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

Over 165 acres of forest land in Kalahandi's Sanphurla village has been recognised under community forest rights. Yet the forest department had taken up plantation and fenced off the land without the gram sabha's consent. The plantation was taken up under MGNREGA funds and the restricted access to their community land had adversely impacted the livelihoods of the villagers. As of October 2021, no new plantations have taken place in the village.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(c): Traditional forest dwellers have a right of ownership, access to collect, use, and dispose of minor forest produce that has been traditionally collected within or outside village boundaries; Section 3(1)(i): Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes include the right to protect, regenerate, conserve, or manage any community forest resource; Section 5: Holders of forest rights are empowered to ensure that their habitat is preserved from any destructive practices affecting their heritage.
Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act, 2005
Section 4: Each state must prepare and notify a rural employment guarantee scheme, and include within this scheme the minimum features specified in Schedule I to the Act; Schedule I Clause 1(ii): Afforestation and tree plantation are permissible kinds of work under the Act.
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(m): Panchayat and Gram Sabha in Scheduled Areas to be granted ownership of minor forest produce and the power to prevent alienation of land in Scheduled Areas
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Community forest rights have been claimed under the FRA, 2006 and granted over 165 acres of forest land in Kalahandi's Sanphurla village.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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