In Sanphurla village located in Junagarh Tehsil of Kalahandi district, over 165 acres of land has been recognised under the Community Forest Rights claimed by the Gram Sabha. Unlike earlier wherein 1.5% of NREGA funds were transferred to the state forest department for afforestation programmes, the MGNREGA being a demand-driven scheme required for the consent of Gram Sabha before any form of intervention by the forest department. Yet, in Sanphurla village the forest department took up plantation programme and fenced the land thereafter without Gram Sabha's consent. The prohibition on collection of Non-Timber Forest Products has adversely affected the livelihoods of the locals and the food security against which the women in the village are raising their voices. Though no petition has been filed yet, the Gram Sabha is preparing to tackle the issue. Under MGNREGA, the jobs remain impermanent as it only addresses immediate demands but the access to forest lands and collection of NTFPs has been a permanent source of income and food for the village residents. The plantation was taken up under MGNREGA funds and subsequent restrictions on access and collection thus, constitutes a threat to the sustained lifestyles of the village residents.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Department of Odisha
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation / violation of the FRA
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?