Plantation Under MGNREGA Deprived Residents of Sanphurla Village of Livelihood

Reported by

Sanghamitra DubeyLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year




Conservation and Forestry

In Sanphurla village located in Junagarh Tehsil of Kalahandi district, over 165 acres of land has been recognised under the Community Forest Rights claimed by the Gram Sabha. Unlike earlier wherein 1.5% of NREGA funds were transferred to the state forest department for afforestation programmes, the MGNREGA being a demand-driven scheme required for the consent of Gram Sabha before any form of intervention by the forest department. Yet, in Sanphurla village the forest department took up plantation programme and fenced the land thereafter without Gram Sabha's consent. The prohibition on collection of Non-Timber Forest Products has adversely affected the livelihoods of the locals and the food security against which the women in the village are raising their voices. Though no petition has been filed yet, the Gram Sabha is preparing to tackle the issue. Under MGNREGA, the jobs remain impermanent as it only addresses immediate demands but the access to forest lands and collection of NTFPs has been a permanent source of income and food for the village residents. The plantation was taken up under MGNREGA funds and subsequent restrictions on access and collection thus, constitutes a threat to the sustained lifestyles of the village residents.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

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Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

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Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation / violation of the FRA

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Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

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Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

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Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department of Odisha

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Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

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Resources Related to Conflict

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Documented By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Reviewed By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Updated By

Sanghamitra Dubey

Edited By

Sanghamitra DubeyLand Conflict Watch

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