Sahariya Adivasis Forced to Relocate from Madhav National Park in MP's Shivpuri

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 29, 2017

July 29, 2017

Updated on

July 29, 2017

Location of Conflict

Balarpur

Gatwaya, Lakhangawan, Hamagar, Chak Kamalpur, Mauakheda, Arjungawan, Mamoni, Dongar and Chak Dongar

Shivpuri

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

National Park

)

People Affected by Conflict

5045

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

30

ha

Starting Year

2000

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

As part of the wildlife corridor project in Madhav National Park, 10 villages consisting of 100 families in Shivpuri district, namely Balarpur, Gatwaya, Lakhangawan, Hamagar, Chak Kamalpur, Mauakheda, Arjungawan, Mamoni, Dongar and Chak Dongar, were displaced. The village population majorly comprises the Sahariya tribe, which has been notified as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group by the Centre. At the start of 2000, these 100 families, along with Gurjars and other adivasis were relocated to another area called Naya Balarpur. Of these 61 families were allocated two hectares of land each, but the remaining 39 families did not receive their share of land and were asked by the revenue department to adjust in the same area as the 61 families until the authorities could work out a solution. The families claimed that they were neither duly informed nor did they consent to their relocation; their forest rights also remained unsettled. They further asserted that many were coerced into leaving despite their resistance. They alleged that the forest department deprived them of basic facilities like electricity and roads and even confiscated their cattle when found grazing, which they later released over payment of a fine. The forest department also allegedly did not allow the tribes to collect firewood or use other forest produce in the new. This has left them in abject poverty. According to a report, more than 60 people have died due to tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases. In 2016, the Madhya Pradesh Human Rights commission (MPHRC) sought information on allotment of land to the remaining 39 families. The National Park authorities replied to the MPHRC that the families will be given lands of their own accord. However, the allotment process was later stalled when the authorities noticed that all the 100 families were allotted land on protected forest instead of revenue land. The state then sought the lands denotification from the Centre as forest land. The clearance is still pending. In January 2020, the state declared the 39 displaced families ineligible for compensation and rehabilitation. This came in apparent contradiction to a letter issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change back in 2000 mentioning that 102 families of Balarpur tribal village – two families had not shifted to the new settlement but moved elsewhere – should be allotted two hectares of land each.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Refusal to give up land for the project

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Constitutional Law, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3 [Settlement of forest rights]; Section 4(2) [consent of the gram sabha in concerned area to be taken and prior information provided]; Section 5 [This section empowers the gram sabha to regulate community forest rights]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(f) [This section makes it punishable to wrongfully occupy land owned or possessed by a member of SC or ST]; Section 3(1)(g) [This sections makes wrongful dispossession of land of a member of SC or ST punishable]
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2 [This section restricts the diversion of forestland for non-forest purposes]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Right to Life violated by deprivation of land and livelihood without due process] and 300(A) [Right to property violated because land acquired without informed consent]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of standard international laws

Violation of free prior informed consent

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Scheduled Tribe status or lack of status

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2000, during eviction, the forest department coerced family members into leaving and deprived those resisting of basic facilities like electricity and roads, and even confiscated their cattle when found grazing, which they later released over payment of a fine.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Zenith Legal Services Clinic

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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