Opposition Mars NTPC Thermal Plant in Vishakhapatnam in AP, Centre Shelves Project

Reported by

Furkan KhanLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 25, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Andhra Pradesh



The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation allotted around 1,200 acres in Pudimadaka village in Visakhapatnam district for the construction of the Pudimadaka Super Thermal Power Project by NTPC Ltd. The project was proposed in 2014, with an investment of INR 26,828 crore. Locals, including fishermen, have opposed the thermal plant as pollutants from the plant pose a health risk to the residents, the environment and marine life in the area. In 2016, following public protests, the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board issued a notification to hold a public hearing in August that year. The Human Rights forum [demanded](http://The Human Rights forum demanded that the public hearing be stopped and the project be scrapped. The state General Secretary V.S. Krishna and district president M. Sarat said that the NTPC had already established a 2,000-mega watt plant (NTPC Simhadri) in the area it was contemplating to enhance it by an additional 1,000 mega watts more.) that the public hearing should be stopped and the project should be scrapped. In a press release by the Human Rights Forum, state General Secretary V.S. Krishna and District President M. Sarat said that "the NTPC had already established a 2,000-mega watt plant (NTPC Simhadri) in the area and was contemplating to enhance it by an additional 1,000 mega watt". The Pudimadaka plant would have a capacity of 4,000 mega watt, consuming more than 13 million tonnes of coal per annum. The people living in the area consider it to be a huge strain on the region's natural resources. Krishna and Sarat further said in the press release that "generating 7,000 mega watt of thermal power in one area is a sure recipe for human and ecological disaster." In 2018, the project was shelved at the direction of the Centre. The minister of state for Power and New and Renewable Energy, R.K. Singh, said in response to a Parliament query that "the status of the project depends on the sanction of requisite clearances and coal linkage and date of award of the programme".

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

June 20, 2018

Why did the conflict end?

The Centre ordered for the project to be shelved saying it was no longer viable.

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Boycott of official procedures/non-participation in official processes

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

NTPC Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist), Human Rights Forum

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Furkan Khan

Reviewed By

Furkan Khan

Updated By

Furkan Khan

Edited By

Furkan KhanLand Conflict Watch

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