Fisherfolk, Environmentalists Protest Against proposed Nargol Port in Gujarat

Reported by

Surabhi Bhandari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 29, 2016

September 29, 2016

Updated on

September 29, 2016

Location of Conflict

Valsad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Port

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

100000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

405

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Gujarat

Sector

Infrastructure

In 2012, the Gujarat government gave a goahead to the Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) to construct a port at Nargol, 120 kilometres south of Surat. It is one of the eight greenfield ports being developed by the GMB. In June 2015, Umbargam Tluka Kinara Bachao Utkarsh Samiti (UTKBUS) submitted a memorandum to the district collector demanding the Detailed Project Report (DPR) and the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report for the project. Cargo Motors Private Limited, however, stated that the DPR had been submitted to the government and that the other reports were under preparation since the first phase was offshore and did not require land acquisition. Besides the DPR and EIA reports, the UTKBUS also demanded copies of the disaster management plan, environmental management plan, risk assessment report and rehabilitation master plan for the proposed project. In a public hearing held in 2015, around 10,000 people protested against the port, and more than 200 police personnel were deployed. At least 5,000 people, including 10 village sarpanches, subsarpanches, former sarpanches, community leaders and nonprofits protested in writing. Magan, president of the Coast Guard Committee, said, "The people of the coastal area had lived there since colonial times and the land belongs to the fisherfolk." More than 40 per cent people depend on the sea for their livelihood, which is now being threatened by the proposed port. The residents and fisherfolk are also worried about the imminent danger to their environment and have agreed to cooperate only if the project does not pose any risk to it. There have been no comments from any government official on the action they are willing to take to protect the public. In July 2019, the GMB cancelled the contract of Cargo Motors Private Limited as it failed to develop the port within the stipulated sevenyear period. It is yet to invite fresh bids.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Opposition against environmental degradation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

4000

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4 [This section provides for preparation of social impact assessment and and environmental impact assessment reports when the government is acquiring land for public purpose]; Section 6 [This section requires publication of the SIA study and Social Impact Management Plan to the panchayat/municipality and in affected areas. An EIA would be required for this project and as per sub-section(2), the SIA report must be provided to the authorised Impact Assessment Agency to carry out the EIA]; Section 16 [This section requires preparation of a Rehabilitation and Resettlement Scheme which is based on a land survey containing particulars of land, livelihood lost, public utilities and infrastructure or common property resource affected]; Section 18 [The approved R & R Scheme must be sent in local language to the panchayat/municipality/municipal corporation and published in the affected areas]; Section 19 [This section requires publication of a declaration of a 'resettlement area' for displaced families by the appropriate government authority, and the district collector shall publish a summary of the R&R Scheme along with it]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Schedule 1, 7(e): [Prior environmental clearance is required for new ports and harbours being constructed]
Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
Provision 4(i)(f): [Recommendation of the state or Union Coastal Zone Management Authority required for clearance to construct a port]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Gujarat, Gujarat Maritime Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Cargo Motors Limited, Israel Ports Company

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Umbargam Taluka Kinara Bachao Utkarsh Samiti (UTKBUS)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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