Fearing Displacement, Bihar Village Opposes Thermal Power Plant, Refuses to Surrender Land

Reported by

Alok

Published on

December 23, 2016

December 23, 2016

Updated on

December 23, 2016

Location of Conflict

Baaghi

Aurangabad

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

384

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

49

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

Bihar

Sector

Power

Residents and farmers have been fighting against displacement and demanding compensation for several years in relation to the construction of a thermal power plant of Nabinagar Power Generation Company (NPGC). The joint venture project has been developed by Bharatiya Rail Bijlee Company Limited (BRBCL) with NTPC having 74 per cent equity, and the Ministry of Railways holding the remaining 26 per cent. The plant was targeted to be commissioned in May 2017, with the other two units at an interval of six months each thereafter. About 2,789 acres of land has been awarded for the project out of the total 2,971 acres spread over eight villages in Nabinagar and Barun blocks in Aurangabad district. In Baaghi Village, residents who were facing a threat of displacement submitted memorandums and applications to the district administration explaining that they did not want to give up their land for the power project. The residents were also peeved with the notice of the district magistrate, Kanwal Tanuj, on December 2, 2016, which stated that farmers not agreeing to or accepting compensation were hindering the power project. The magistrate ordered that the compensation of these farmers would be deposited in the court and legal action would be initiated against them for stalling a power project of national importance. In 2018, it was reported that the Central Bureau of Investigation had filed a case of criminal conspiracy against Tanuj and C. Shiv Kumar, CEO of BRBCL. The charge cited the siphoning of funds that were to be distributed to the farmers for the process of land acquisition.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Demand for promised compensation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

7998

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other, Case Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 77(2) [If a person does not consent to receiving the compensation, the Collector shall deposit the amount with the Authority]; Section 87 [In case of offences by government departments, the head of the department shall be deemed to be guilty]
Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
Section 13(1)(d) [An abuse of position for pecuniary advantage amounts to criminal misconduct by a public servant]
Indian Penal Code, 1860
Section 420 [Punishment for cheating]; Section 467 [Forgery of valuable security]
NTPC Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) Policy, 2010
Section 2.3.4.1 [Payment of annuity as a form of rehabilitation through financial institutions]
Kanwal Tanuj vs The State of Bihar (Crim. Appeal No. 414 of 2020, Supreme Court)
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Delay in compensation

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bihar at Patna, Supreme Court of India

Case Number

Civil Writ Jurisdiction Case No.14391 of 2019, Criminal Appeal No. 414 of 2020

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

None

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Bihar Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Bharatiya Rail Bijlee Company Limited, National Thermal Power Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Nabinagar Power Generation Company Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

None

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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