MP's Dalits Seek Permission for Euthanasia over Harassment, Lack of Land Rights

Reported by

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 16, 2018

March 16, 2018

Updated on

March 16, 2018

Location of Conflict

Borkhedi and Vasudev villages

Sohankhedi and Jogala villages in Budhni tehsil

Sehore

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-based)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

50

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

4

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Land Use

Under a welfare scheme aimed at helping the Dalit community, the Madhya Pradesh government had allotted land to nearly 50 Dalit families in Sehore district in 2002. However, even after more than a decade, these Dalit families are struggling to get control over the allotted land due to the presence of musclemen who have encroached upon their land. This has left the families with no means to sustain their livelihood. In a state of helplessness, Dalits have been ending their lives or mulling drastic steps, such as euthanasia.
In a Legislative Assembly session, Congress MLA Jitu Patwari cited a woman from the community who died by suicide, along with her five-month-old son, after she was unable to afford medical treatment for her infant. Without land, these families have no other source of income.
Baso Bai, a resident of Sohan Khedi village in Sehore district, says, "Last year, I tried to sow crops but the encroachers beat me up. I went to the police, but they harassed us. I then went to the court. The decision was in my favour. But even then, I have not got control over my land. So, with no other option left, I, along with other Dalit families, went to the chief minister, asking for land or permission to die,” she said.
Due to constant threats from musclemen, the Dalits have staged several protests and agitations, but no concrete action has been taken to ensure they get rights over the land that was promised to them by the state. In July 2016, the Dalits from the villages in Budhni wrote a letter to Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan to allow them euthanasia over the reported harassment the community faces and the denial of basic livelihood by musclemen. The government assured them that they would be given possession of their land by November 2016, but nothing happened. The government sent out notices to the encroachers, but the Dalits still did not get title rights to the land that was promised to them.
In May 2017, the affected families, along with the Rashtriya Dalit Chetna Manch and Congress leaders, held a protest in Bhudhni. They said they were not able to avail any government scheme due to the absence of land rights. Some cases on Dalit patta (title) rights on land are under consideration in district courts in the state.
LCW tried to get in touch with the Rashtriya Dalit Chetna Manch on October 11, 2019, and again on August 5, 2020, to know the present status, but got no response.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Constitution of India, 1950
Articles 19(1)(g) [Freedom to practise any profession or carry on any occupation violated because labourers have been prevented form cultivating their land]; Article 21 [Right to life violated as labourers do not have alternative means of livelihood without their land] Article 300A [Right to property violated as allotted land has been encroached by musclemen and state has not taken any action]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(f) [This section makes punishable the wrongful occupation of land owned or possessed by a member of the SC or ST]; Section 3(1)(g) [This sections makes wrongful dispossession of land of a member of SC or ST punishable]
Madhya Pradesh Ceiling on Agricultural Holdings Act, 1960
Section 35 [This section provides for allotment of surplus land to agricultural labourers belonging to SC and ST]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation of land reform laws

Delay in allottment and possession of land/property

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Blackmail/threats/intimidation

Physical attack

Self-immolation/suicide

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Villagers are regularly harassed and beaten up by muscle men. Baso Bai, a resident of Sohan Khedi village in Sehore district, says, "Last year, I tried to sow crops but the encroachers beat me up. I went to the police but they harassed us."

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Revenue Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Dalits

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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