Odisha Villagers Oppose Construction of Manibhadra Dam

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 18, 2016

October 18, 2016

Updated on

October 18, 2016

Location of Conflict

Barmul

Boudh

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

80000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

59400

ha

Starting Year

1982

State

Odisha

Sector

Infrastructure

Located in Barmul village in Boudh district of Odisha, the Manibhadra Dam project over river Mahanadi has been in the news since 1980. The then chief minister JB Pattnaik sought to revive a 1965 proposal to build a second dam over Mahanadi. The government says the project, a part of MahanadiGodavari river linking project would irrigate 4.43 lakh hectare (ha) of land, generate 445 MW of electricity and control flooding. The link canal will pass through Nayagarh, Khurda, Ganjam and Gajapati districts and join river Godavari at Dolaiswaram in Andhra Pradesh. The project has been criticized since the late 1960's as many believe it will submerge 63,000 hectares of land and forests and directly affect around 80,000 people. In 2008, the SatakosiaPadmatola Mukti Manch sent a memorandum to the Governor and Chief Minister of Orissa along with the Prime Minister to stop the construction of the dam. In 2016, the project affected people came together on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti on October 2, to protest against the move under the banner of Manibhadra Pratirodh Sangram Samiti. Their President, Abakash Sahu, emphasized the potential devastating effects of the construction, pointing out that communities who were displaced by similar projects like the Hirakud Dam, continue to exist without proper rehabilitation. The government of Orissa has also repeatedly expressed its concerns and objections regarding the entire river linking project citing problems like land submergence, impact on water balance as a large amount of water will be diverted, as reported in 2017. In 2021, The National Water Development Agency (NWDA) announced that the feasibility report (FR) of MahanadiGodavari river interlinking has been completed. However, in May 2021, Arun Prasad of SatkosiaPadmatola Mukti Manch, informed LCW that as per his knowledge there has not been any recent agitation on ground against the project.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

550

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 38 [Collector to take possession of land only after full payment of promised compensation]
Odisha Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Rules, 2015
Section 32 [District collector to monitor and supervise implementation of rehabilitation award]; Section 40 [Compulsory investment to be made by the government in agriculture when cropped irrigated land is under acquisition]
Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2003
Rule 3 (c) [Land for projects to be acquired in area forming a part of nature reserve only after all other alternatives have been considered]
Environment Protection Rules, 1986
Section 5(1)(vii) [Net adverse impact caused by a project to be taken into consideration prior to grant of environmental clearance]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(i) [Right of forest dwellers to hold and live in forest land]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4 (e)(i) [Gram Sabha to approve all plans and project for social and economic development at the village level]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Demand for scrapping of project causing excessive environmental damage under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Water Development Agency (NWDA), Department of Water Resources

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

When LCW contacted Deputy Collector, Boudh, Shanti Sudha Patra, they declined to comment stating they have no information about the case.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Manibhadra Pratirodha Sangram Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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