Farmers Refuse to Give Land for Green Pharma City Project in Telangana

Reported by

Seethalakshmi

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 11, 2016

October 11, 2016

Updated on

October 11, 2016

Location of Conflict

Kandukur, Yacharam, Kadtal tehsils

Ranga Reddy

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Pharmaceutical Industry

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

14400

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

7824

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Telangana

Sector

Industry

The Green Pharma City project, planned within 40 kilometres of Hyderabad, involves the acquisition of 19,333 acres of land in Ranga Reddy district. The project is expected to create 5.6 lakh direct and indirect job opportunities, with an estimated investment of INR 16,784 crore. Apart from bulk drug manufacturing companies, there is a proposal to set up a pharma university as part of the project. Farmers in 20 villages would lose their landholdings. The Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation started land acquisition in 2016. The primary contention of the farmers is that they are being compensated at rates much lower than the prevailing market rate. While the cost per acre for Yacharam tehsil is INR 7.5 lakh, the market price is INR 22.5 lakh. The market price goes up to more than INR 80 lakh per acre in Kandukur tehsil. Moreover, violating the Supreme Court's judgement in the Mekala Pandu case, the government has also been compensating assigned lands and _patta _lands at different rates. Another issue has been the opaqueness in the acquisition process. The acquisition notification had to be obtained through an RTI application. The unavailability of information has impaired the process of challenging environmental clearances (EC) within 90 days. Even in the process of compensation, there have been multiple inadequacies in that compensation was paid to the wrong people and that 18yearolds, as adults, were considered ineligible for compensation. There have also been multiple concerns about pollution, which is not stated precisely in the EC report. All this has instilled the fear of forced displacement once the industries are operational. In response to a petition by eight farmers cultivating government assigned lands from Kurmidda village, the Telangana high court stayed the land acquisition process in September 2016. In May 2018, an expert appraisal committee of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change recommended granting EC to the project, on the condition that land is acquired with the suitable compensation and the consent of land owners. Local activists say the authorities are, however, going ahead with land acquisition in violation of court orders by resorting to threats and spreading misinformation. Some farmers who had earlier surrendered their lands began tilling them again in 2019, contending that the project had not made any progress and that the compensation has been highly inadequate. In October 2020, when a meeting regarding the Pharma City project was held by officials, villagers flung chairs and raised slogans, enraged by the opacity of the process and their exclusion from it. This led to the police intervening and detaining them. As recently as February 2021, hundreds of farmers from Yacharam and Kadtal tehsils participated in a protest march opposing the project. One of the local organisations, Pharma City Vyatireka Porata Committee, demanded that the government stop the forceful acquisition of lands.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Complaint against procedural violations

Opposition against environmental degradation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

16784

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Chapter IV [Notification and acquisition]; Section 25 [Award by collector must be made within 12 months from date of publication of declaration]; Section 26 [Criteria for assessment and determination of market value of land by collector]; Section 27 [Determination of amount of compensation]; Section 28 [Parameters to be considered by collector in determination of award]; Section 31(1) [Rehabilitation and resettlement award for affected families by collector]; Section 77 [Payment of compensation or deposit of same in authority]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Section 7(i)(III) [This section of the notification provides for public consultation and the process to be followed for environmental clearance for new projects]
National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
Section 16 [Appeal to challenge environmental clearance must be filed within 90 days]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Constitutional inconsistencies between state and Union land laws

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court for the State of Telangana

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Assigned lands were taken over through threats; protesters were arrested for staging a road block

Date of Violation

October 17, 2020

Location of Violation

Yacharam tehsil

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Property damage/arson

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (TSIIC), Revenue Department, Roads & Buildings Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist), Pharma City Vyatireka Porata Committee, Telangana Rashtra Samithi

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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