On September 17, 2019, about 100 miscreants, allegedly from Maram village, armed with guns and automatic rifles, torched at least 10 houses in Makhan village, along National Highway2. Members of the Makhan Peoples Organisation, formed by the residents of Makhan, claim that the suspected rebels belong to the Northern Maram People's Organisation (NMPO), which has a long history of land dispute with the Makhan residents (Identity politics is rampant in Manipur between its different tribes. The registration of the groups formed by these tribes does not exist on paper and hence it is difficult to track them). On September 22, 2019, the NMPO argued that the act was triggered by the intolerable actions of the Makhan people, in addition to the encroachment on their lands. However, they denied locking and burning houses with people inside them. The allegedly provocative acts by the Makhan people began when they stopped paying tenant taxes to the Maram people in 1988, after settling in their lands in the 1970s, according to NMPO President Talu Dominic. This happened after the Makhan people allegedly misinformed the Indian army posted there about taxes being collected by the Maram people. Eventually, the Makhan people began encroaching upon more Maram land. NMPO also claimed that in 2013, Makhan people dismantled a large number of houses in a Maram village called Naojai and on June 23, 2014, attacked the same village with weapons and guns. There were additional claims about the Makhan people dismantling the fence of Maram horticulture land that was donated to the state's horticulture department and constructing a playground and community hall for themselves. The Maram people, hence, demanded that further encroachment by the Makhan people and constructions on the horticulture land be stopped. Provoked by the torching of their houses, the Makhan people residing along NH2 blocked all vehicular movement on the ImphalDimapur road unless the police arrested the culprits within a day. The protest was later lifted after N. Kayisii, minister of tribal and hill areas development, assured to look into the case and deliver justice within 72 hours. Prohibitory orders under Section 144 of the CrPC were imposed to control the situation and maintain peace in the area. According to a local source who wishes to remain anonymous, the matter never went to court but is now settled. The torched houses are being rebuilt by the residents of Makhan.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for legal recognition of land rights
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Ministry of Tribal and Hill Areas Development
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Torching of houses
Reported Details of the Violation:
Eighteen houses were torched and looted by armed rebels.
Date of Violation
September 17, 2019
Location of Violation
Makhan Khuman village
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?