Lucknow Development Authority Encroached Upon Graveyards and Ponds for a Housing Project

Reported by

Aashish DeepLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 5, 2021

Location of Conflict

Gomti Nagar Extention


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-Based)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Uttar Pradesh


Land Use

In 2008 Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) launched apartment housing schemes in Gomti Nagar Extension. The area falls on the periphery of Malesemau and surrounding villages. The village residents say that land on which the housing scheme is being built belongs to graveyard and a pond under the control of Gram Sabha. Residents say that LDA knew about the common land of the village but even then the engineers included the parcel of land in their layout and group housing was constructed. Further the project was expanded into 6 sectors which have about 3000 houses. The petitioner alleged that the entire project has encroached upon the land of 14 graveyards and 17 ponds. Motillal yadav filed a petition to the High Court regarding the encroachment**. ** This encroachment over pond and other common properties of various villages in Lucknow by the authorities has been a regular instance. The government told the High Court in the order that the houses were built up since the ponds had dried up. According to Lucknow Municipal Corporation survey, there were around 964 ponds in the city in 1952, however, a majority of them are unidentifiable today due to reclamation. In 2014, Ashok Shankaram, an environment activist filed a petition against the encroachment of 37 water bodies by Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) and Lucknow Nagar Nigam. In an another case in 2014,  the High Court of Allahabad said that it is the duty of the LDA and the municipal corporation to maintain all lakes and ponds by removing encroachments and taking action against the encroachers.  The court gave a final order on September 5, 2014. The court held that this falls within the statutory duty of the Municipal Corporation and Lucknow Development Authority, and dismissed the petition with liberty to the petitioner to approach the local selfgovernment.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

September, 2014

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Reform Laws, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation of land-reform laws , Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Allahabad High Court

Case Number

MISC. BENCH No. 8614 of 2014; PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION (PIL) No. - 4502 of 2018; PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION (PIL) No. - 1474 of 2019

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Lucknow Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aashish Deep

Reviewed By

Aashish Deep

Updated By

Aashish Deep

Edited By

Aashish DeepLand Conflict Watch

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