Lavasa Project in Maharashtra's Pune Abandoned, Adivasis Lose Agricultural Land

Reported by

Prerna Chaurashe

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 19, 2016

September 19, 2016

Updated on

September 19, 2016

Location of Conflict

Mugaon

Munshi tehsil

Pune

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

48000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

600

ha

Starting Year

2010

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Infrastructure

Lavasa in Pune was touted to be India's first private hill city. The project, which started in 2004, envisioned a planned township with residences, hotels, a city centre and schools. The township project faced numerous allegations of usurping tribal land and violating environmental norms. The people who gave up their land for the project are largely adivasis and former landless people from 18 villages in Pune district who received this land as part of the state land reforms, initiated in the 1960s which dissolved large landholdings. The Adivasis allege they have been duped of their land to build the plush township. They insist that they did not sell their land, which the Lavasa Corporation claimed to have bought through agents. Upon the request of Medha Patkar, convener of the National Alliance of People's Movement (NAPM), and Pune district collector, the subdivisional magistrate identified in 2015 that 191 hectares of land within the project site belonged to 13 tribal families and ordered this land to be returned to them. Meanwhile, soon after the allegations, the Maharashtra government started investigating more such cases of fraudulent purchase of tribal lands. The project was also criticised by activists for causing environmental degradation by cutting millions of trees and diverting and restricting natural water streams. In August 2018, the National Company Law Tribunal accepted a petition to declare Lavasa Corporation bankrupt. The case was being heard as of October 2019. An article reported that the town was abandoned but people who had invested are keen on finding a solution and had petitioned to the prime minister to save the project. Suniti S.R. from the NAPM said that "even though we have succeeded in regaining around 191 hectares of land that were fraudulently transferred, the families still have lost agricultural land in Varasgaon Dam which was given to Lavasa on lease".

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand to get back acquired land

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

40000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Ceiling Laws, Central/State Government Policy, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Maharashtra Agricultural Lands (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1961
Section 27(4) [Fifty per cent of the surplus land acquired by the government shall be reserved for distribution to landless persons belonging to the Scheduled Tribe]
No.TPS1896/1231/CR-123/96/UD-13, Special Regulations for Development of Tourist Resorts/ Holiday Homes/ Townships in Hill Station Type Areas, Urban Development Department, State Government of Maharashtra, November 26, 1996
Regulation 17 [The revenue department shall grant permission to a project developer to purchase tribal lands on the condition that the developer shall take the responsibility of rehabilitation of the affected persons]
Maharashtra Land Revenue Code, 1966
Section 36(2) [No land occupied by persons belonging to the Scheduled Tribes shall be transferred, except with the previous sanction of the Collector]
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2(ii) [Forestland shall not be used for any non-forest purpose without the prior approval of the Union government]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Involvement of national and international NGOs

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Construction Company, Lavasa Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

National Alliance of People's Movements

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
X

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Join Now