Landless Farmers in Uttarakhand Demand Land in Escort Farms

Reported by

Tarun Joshi

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 11, 2016

September 11, 2016

Updated on

September 11, 2016

Location of Conflict

Kashipur

Udham Singh Nagar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

720

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

471

ha

Starting Year

1955

State

Uttarakhand

Sector

Land Use

Upon independence, the new administration released lands held by the colonial government under various schemes to Hari Chandra Singh, the king of Kashipur, Nainital. The returned lands aggregated 2,688 acres - 597 acres in Bhagwantpur village, 264.36 acres in Ramnagar village, 1,022.64 acres in Kundeshri village and 804 acres in Dearhivakil village. Of this, the king took a hereditary lease of the 597 acres in Bhagwantpur and the remaining 2,091 acres were leased to M/s Ramgarh Farms and Industries Ltd., currently known as Escort Farms Limited. However, soon the U.P. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1950, and U.P. Imposition of Ceiling on Land Holdings Rules, 1961, were imposed. Uttarakhand was then part of Uttar Pradesh or the United Province. According to the ceiling law, no one could own more than 11 acres of agricultural land, and if such land was found to be occupied, then the government needed to acquire the surplus land and distribute it among the landless people. Escort Farms is a huge agricultural farm with some 1,163 acres of surplus land. More than 150 dalit farmers had been living in this area since before independence, but they never got any land rights despite repeated demands. The Delhi-based non-profit, Social Development Foundation, filed a public interest litigation in 2010 in the Uttarakhand high court, which directed the government to distribute the land according to the Land Reforms Act of 1950. Following this judgment, the government gave some part of the land to the State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Limited for industrial purpose and some land to the Indian Institute of Management for educational purpose. However, 409 acres of land is still available for distribution among the landless. The government made a list of 60 people who were landless, but according to a field study by LCW, there are more than 100 landless people who have not made it to the government list._ _ In 2016, Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) held a protest demanding the state government to give land rights to the landless farmers based on a discussion between BKU and the state in 2006. But there has been no progress. Meanwhile, a 2017 news report mentioned that the state-led projects for which land was allocated have not found any investors yet. In 2019, the Uttarakhand high court heard another petition of illegal land sale in Escort Farms. The matter is currently being heard.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Uttarakhand

Case Number

WPPIL No. 75/2010

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Right to Land. Right to Livelihood

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Board of Revenue Uttarakhand

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Escorts (Agricultural Machines) Ltd.

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Social Development Organisation, Uttarakhand Bhoomiheen Sangharsh Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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