Land Dispute in UP's Sonbhadra Between Gujjars, Gonds Claims 10 Lives

Reported by

Saurabh Sharma

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

August 3, 2019

August 3, 2019

Updated on

August 3, 2019

Location of Conflict

Umbha

Sonbhadra

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1200

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

15

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Uttar Pradesh

Sector

Land Use

On July 17, 2019, over 300 armed men reached Umbha village, about 70 kilometres from the district headquarters of Sonbhadra in Uttar Pradesh, to take possession of 36 acres of land that was bought by the Pradhan (village panchayat head) Mr Yagya Dutt in 2017. Mr Dutt, who belongs to the Gujjar community, purchased the plot from from Adarsh Cooperative Society Limited. Mr Dutt accompanied the men to take possession of the land. When the Gond Adivasi people living in the area protested, the armed men opened fire, killing 10 tribals and injuring 28. The massacre was reportedly planned as over two dozen armed people were specially brought in from Jharkhand and Bihar to take possession of the land. The investigation carried out by the state government also found the police complicit in the crime as they did not take timely action despite knowing about Dutt's plan to attack the tribals. The village residents told Land Conflict Watch that Dutt had been trying to take control over the land for the last two years. According to the survivors, they have been living and cultivating on the land since before 1947 but they do not have ownership titles. Dutt had settled in the village after migrating from western Uttar Pradesh some four decades ago. In the past two years, he has made various attempts, including threats, to take possession the land. All 10 people who were killed, except for one, were young and breadwinners of their families. Their kin will now have to struggle every day, Ramraj Gond, who is representing the community in the court case against the accused, told Land Conflict Watch. Local leader Hariram Chero from Dundi Assembly had written to Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on January 14, 2019, stating that the land mafia in the area under the jurisdiction of the Ghorawal police station was planning to forcibly seize the land of the tribal people there. The name of Prabhat Mishra, Bihar cadre's former IAS officer and former district magistrate of Mirzapur, has also come up in the case as the land was previously owned and purchased by him at a cheap price. According to Chote Lal Karwar, a Member of Parliament from the Bharatiya Janata Party, on December 17, 1955, then tehsildar Robert Sangaz sold 648 acres of land to Adarsh Cooperative Society. Even after the society's term expired in 1966, the land continued to be registered under its name. In 1989, Mishra, who was then the district magistrate of the region, got the land registered under the names of his family members. Meanwhile, the state government has formed a special team to investigate the matter after a 1,000page report was submitted to it by a committee of officers formed by the chief secretary of the state. The government has also offered four acres of land to the families of the deceased, who have accepted the compensation. They made an additional demand for a school to be constructed in the village, which the state agreed.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

July, 2019

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Killing

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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