Land Dispute Between Kukis, Nagas in Manipur Leave 150 Families Homeless

Reported by

Anurag DasLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

April 1, 2021

Location of Conflict



Sampui village


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)





Land Use

On March 16, 2020, an arson attack took place in Chassad village in Kamjong district. The attack involved acts of ransacking and looting, allegedly committed by an armed mob from the neighbouring Sampui village. The village's jhum fields, more than 150 houses and 10 vehicles were torched. The state government had to intervene by invoking Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code and temporarily suspending Internet services. Land ownership is at the heart of the ethnic clash between the warring communities the Kuki tribe residing in Chassad village and the Tangkhul Naga community of Sampui village. The violent incident was a reminder of the 199394 communal clashes between the two communities over the same issue of ownership of land resources, which led to the massacre of hundreds of people from both the communities. Chassad and Sampui villages are part of Kamjong district, which was carved out of Ukhrul district and was officially recognised on December 8, 2016, but ethnic clashes between the Kukis and Nagas can be traced to colonial times. Kamjong district is mainly dominated by Tangkhul Nagas, who consider it their ancestral territory. The Kukis, meanwhile, claim it to be their ancestral land with historical significance. The Tangkhul Nagas, supported by the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (IsakMuivah), refute this claim. The main land area in contention is the open forest area between these two villages. In a case filed in 1945 by the Sampui village headman regarding the dispute, the the Sub Divisional Officer ruled in Chassad village's favour but the area continues to be disputed till date. On March 15, 2020, approximately 30 acres of land under jhum cultivation, owned by the Kukis, were burnt down by some unidentified persons. The Kuki tribe from Chassad village blamed it on the Tangkhul Nagas of neighbouring Sampui village, stating that they wanted to destroy the official documents that recognizes Chassad's ownership of the land, and blocked the UkhrulKamjong state highway. In retaliation, the aggrieved Naga community attacked Chassad village the next day, burning down houses and vehicles. The NSCN (IM) denied attacking Chassad and pointed fingers at Kamjong residents but blamed the Kukis for 'provoking' the Nagas. In the aftermath of the attack, more than a hundred families were left homeless. According to Chongoi Baite, a resident of Chassad, of** **the 150 houses that were torched, only 30 were not completely gutted down. "Every single thing in the remaining houses, right down to the last spoon, was either destroyed or looted," she told LCW. Even though the state promised assistance to the affected people, nothing concrete has been seen on the ground so far. A villager in Chassad added, "Though the Assam Rifles personnel forestalled the perpetrators, neither they nor the Manipur State Police stopped the looting, ransacking, burning or the trucks that ferried away household goods, such as bags of rice, clothes, money, utensils, televisions, etc. Pressure groups like the Kuki Nampi Taona and Kuki Inpi provided temporary rehabilitation and relief material to the homeless. The reconstruction of houses had begun in the same year and Chassad villagers were promised monetary assistance. However, on March 30, the Sampui village authority wrote a letter to the chief minister's office demanding that the resettlement of Chassad village must not happen without Sampui's consent, in addition to demanding legal ownership of Chassad. On that account, although the families seek rehabilitation, they also fear a second attack by the Naga community surrounding them.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):


Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

District administration of Kamjong, Police department

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Kuki Inpi, Tangkhul Naga Zingsho Longphang (TNZL), Government of People's Republic of Nagalim (GPRN), United People's Front (UPF), Kuki National Organisation (KNO), United Naga Council (UNC)

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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