Land Acquired for Mining in Dantewada Without Gram Sabha Approval

Reported by

Asha VermaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

December 3, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Iron Ore Mining







People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Residents of Alnar village came to know about the allocation of forest land near their village to the Raipur based Aarti Sponge and Power Limited in April 2017 when the company's surveyors reached the village. They soon figured that the land has been allotted without prior information and permission from the Gram Sabha. The land lies in the area covered under Panchayats Extension to Schedule Areas Act (PESA). The village residents held a meeting to discuss the matter. They wrote a letter to the President of India, Chief Justice of India, Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court, Governor of Chhattisgarh, Chairman National Schedule Tribes Commission and District Collector, to take action on the issue. The letter submitted at the Tehsiladrs office in Bade Bacheli in Dantewada mentions the legal provisions i.e. Section244(1) of the Indian Constitution which empowers the Schedule V areas for local selfgovernance and control under PESA and quoted the 1997 Supreme Court ruling according to which any mining lease in Schedule V area can be allotted to tribals only. Aarti Sponge and Power Limited got the mining lease for iron ore mining at Alnar village forest compartment no.416, 417&418 in the year 2011. For the first stage of environment clearance where the public hearing has to be organised, Terms of Reference were issued on 09 September 2016. After that a public hearing was organised on 30.09.2016 at the Van Kashtagar Mandal in Dantewada, also known as Forest department timber depot. The proceedings of this public hearing which were submitted at Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation board mentions that around 150 people attended the meeting and 91 signed the attendance register but there is no mention of people from Alnar village. When the Land Conflict Watch researcher interviewed a local resident journalist of the Alnar village, the journalist said that no public hearing notices were given to the residents of Alnar village. People who were present at the public hearing are suspected to have come from other villages. The forested hill which is allocated for mining belongs to two powerful persons of the tribe who provides their land for livelihood activities to the other members of the tribe and this is the cultural set up of the tribe. Although no mining activity has begun, residents of the village are certain that they do not want the mine because it will affect their livelihood.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

State Level Environment Impact Assesment Authority, Chhattisgarh

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

M/s Aarti Sponge and Power Limited, Raipur

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

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