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Farmers oppose land acquisition for Edamon-Kochi power line in Kerala

Reported by

Dr. K.H. Amitha Bachan

Legal Review by

Edited by

Updated by

Updated by

Published on

September 15, 2016

May 17, 2022

Edited on

September 15, 2016

Sector

Power

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Transmission Lines

Starting Year

2013

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1

ha

Households Affected by Conflict

People Affected by Conflict

1824

State

Kerala

Sector

Power

People Affected by Conflict

1824

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1

ha

Starting Year

2013

Location of Conflict

Pambadi

Kottayam

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Transmission Lines

Land Conflict Summary

In 2013, the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) board members signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) for sourcing electricity from the Kudankulam nuclear power project (KKNPP). A 400KV transmission line was planned from Kudamkulam nuclear power plant in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu to Kochi in Kerala. Earlier, in 2004, the Ministry of Power had authorized Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) to undertake the implementation of the transmission system to neighbouring states in pursuance of section 68 of the Electricity Act, 2003. While different transmission lines had been proposed, the Edmon to Kochi line has been facing severe protests over the Right of Way (RoW) issues, protests and objections over the compensation from land owners even before the 2013 agreement. The EdamonCochin 400 kV DC transmission system, passes through four districts Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam and Ernakulam districts in Kerala. The major opposition is from the residents of Kottayam district, many of them are rubber planters. 140 Tower stations have been planned in the district alone. Though the work for setting up the power lines began in 2004, due to stiff opposition from the affected persons only 88 tower points could be located and out of them only the foundations of eight were completed by 2017.
Since 2009, the state government had been taking offers to resolve the Right of Way issues with land owners by providing them increased compensation. In 2009, they approved compensation for the loss of plants and trees caused at the tower location in paddy fields, garden lands and rubber plantations as 2050% of the land price, which will be finalized by the concerned District Collectors. In 2010, they enhanced the compensation to 4070% of land area for paddy fields, garden lands and rubber plantations. In 2014, PGCIL filed a writ petition before the Kerala high court against the special compensation packages by the State Government over the financial liability of the package. Subsequently, State Government in 2015 evolved a detailed Special Compensation Package wherein it is decided that the entire liability on account of the revised Special Compensation Package will be shared between the State Government and KSEB Ltd.  In March 2017,the Left Democratic Front  Government increased the compensation amount from INR 341 crores to 1020 crores to resolve the grievances of people. The discussions were held by the peoples representatives with the affected persons in places where there were issues and slowly the opposition has died out in Kottayam district. The construction is currently in progress.  As on 2019, 436 tower foundations have been completed out of a total of 447 locations and 103.3 km line stringing out of 148km has been completed. In 2019, the Kerala State Electricity regulatory commission which is deciding on the Edamon Kochi Compensation package ordered the KSEB to adopt and implement the 2015 special package. In November 2019, the transmission line called as "power highway" between Edamon and Kochi was inaugurated. The Chief Minister, Pinarayi Vijayan, while inaugurating said that the EdamonKochi Power Highway project has been completed by providing adequate compensation to those who lost their land. The government was able to convince those who initially opposed the project.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

10000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

November, 2019

Why did the conflict end?

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Kerala High Court

Case Number

WP(C).No. 22382 of 2013

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Objections as part of official procedures

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Kerala State Electricity Board, Revenue Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

National Power Grid Coorporation, India, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Koodamkulam Action Council

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Video

In 2013, the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) board members signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) for sourcing electricity from the Kudankulam nuclear power project (KKNPP). A 400KV transmission line was planned from Kudamkulam nuclear power plant in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu to Kochi in Kerala. Earlier, in 2004, the Ministry of Power had authorized Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) to undertake the implementation of the transmission system to neighbouring states in pursuance of section 68 of the Electricity Act, 2003. While different transmission lines had been proposed, the Edmon to Kochi line has been facing severe protests over the Right of Way (RoW) issues, protests and objections over the compensation from land owners even before the 2013 agreement. The EdamonCochin 400 kV DC transmission system, passes through four districts Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam and Ernakulam districts in Kerala. The major opposition is from the residents of Kottayam district, many of them are rubber planters. 140 Tower stations have been planned in the district alone. Though the work for setting up the power lines began in 2004, due to stiff opposition from the affected persons only 88 tower points could be located and out of them only the foundations of eight were completed by 2017.
Since 2009, the state government had been taking offers to resolve the Right of Way issues with land owners by providing them increased compensation. In 2009, they approved compensation for the loss of plants and trees caused at the tower location in paddy fields, garden lands and rubber plantations as 2050% of the land price, which will be finalized by the concerned District Collectors. In 2010, they enhanced the compensation to 4070% of land area for paddy fields, garden lands and rubber plantations. In 2014, PGCIL filed a writ petition before the Kerala high court against the special compensation packages by the State Government over the financial liability of the package. Subsequently, State Government in 2015 evolved a detailed Special Compensation Package wherein it is decided that the entire liability on account of the revised Special Compensation Package will be shared between the State Government and KSEB Ltd.  In March 2017,the Left Democratic Front  Government increased the compensation amount from INR 341 crores to 1020 crores to resolve the grievances of people. The discussions were held by the peoples representatives with the affected persons in places where there were issues and slowly the opposition has died out in Kottayam district. The construction is currently in progress.  As on 2019, 436 tower foundations have been completed out of a total of 447 locations and 103.3 km line stringing out of 148km has been completed. In 2019, the Kerala State Electricity regulatory commission which is deciding on the Edamon Kochi Compensation package ordered the KSEB to adopt and implement the 2015 special package. In November 2019, the transmission line called as "power highway" between Edamon and Kochi was inaugurated. The Chief Minister, Pinarayi Vijayan, while inaugurating said that the EdamonKochi Power Highway project has been completed by providing adequate compensation to those who lost their land. The government was able to convince those who initially opposed the project.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

10000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

November, 2019

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Kerala High Court

Case Number

WP(C).No. 22382 of 2013

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Objections as part of official procedures

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Kerala State Electricity Board, Revenue Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

National Power Grid Coorporation, India, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Koodamkulam Action Council

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Kerala

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