J&K Government Evicts 250 Gujjar, Bakarwal Families in Samba to Build AIIMS

Reported by

Rabiya BashirLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

April 22, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Jammu and Kashmir



To pave the way for the construction of an All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) at Vijaipur in Samba district, the Jammu and Kashmir government has evicted 250 families from the Gujjar and Bakarwal communities from the area. On June 12, 2015, then Union Health Minister J.P. Nadda announced two AIIMS centres: One at Vijaypur and the other at Awantipora in Pulwama district. In 2018, the government identified forest and state land as the site for the hospital in Vijaipur. But the Gujjars and Bakarwals, who have been living on the land for decades, opposed the construction as they would be evicted. The government, however, went ahead with the eviction. Javid Rahi, a tribal activist, told LCW that 250 families were evicted in 2018 and were relocated to another locality in Samba but that the rehabilitation was poorly executed. These families have been suffering for the last two years. They do not have basic facilities, such as proper road, drinking water and grazing land. The government had promised 10,890 square feet of land per family, but they have been given only 6,534 square feet of land. They do not have enough land to graze their cattle while their livelihood depends on the animals, he added. According to Rahi, the Gujjar and Bakarwal families earlier lived in Doda district near the Line of Control, but due to the militancy in 1990, they had shifted to Samba and erected temporary sheds. These were demolished to build the new healthcare unit. A deadline of four years has been kept for the completion of the project. The foundation stone for both the AIIMS units were laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 3, 2019.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand for better access to common land/resources, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification


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Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest department, Samba district administration, Jammu Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

An official in the forest department, who wished to remain anonymous, told LCW that Gujjar and Bakarwal families will soon be evicted from the forestland.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

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Resources Related to Conflict

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Documented By

Rabiya Bashir

Reviewed By

Rabiya Bashir

Updated By

Rabiya Bashir

Edited By

Rabiya BashirLand Conflict Watch

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