J&K Government Evicts 250 Gujjar, Bakarwal Families in Samba to Build AIIMS

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

April 22, 2021

April 22, 2021

Updated on

April 22, 2021

Location of Conflict

Vijaipur

Samba

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Health

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

104

ha

Starting Year

2018

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Infrastructure

To pave the way for the construction of an All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) at Vijaipur in Samba district, the Jammu and Kashmir government has evicted 250 families from the Gujjar and Bakarwal communities from the area. On June 12, 2015, then Union Health Minister J.P. Nadda announced two AIIMS centres: One at Vijaypur and the other at Awantipora in Pulwama district. In 2018, the government identified forest and state land as the site for the hospital in Vijaipur. But the Gujjars and Bakarwals, who have been living on the land for decades, opposed the construction as they would be evicted. The government, however, went ahead with the eviction. Javid Rahi, a tribal activist, told LCW that 250 families were evicted in 2018 and were relocated to another locality in Samba but that the rehabilitation was poorly executed. These families have been suffering for the last two years. They do not have basic facilities, such as proper road, drinking water and grazing land. The government had promised 10,890 square feet of land per family, but they have been given only 6,534 square feet of land. They do not have enough land to graze their cattle while their livelihood depends on the animals, he added. According to Rahi, the Gujjar and Bakarwal families earlier lived in Doda district near the Line of Control, but due to the militancy in 1990, they had shifted to Samba and erected temporary sheds. These were demolished to build the new healthcare unit. A deadline of four years has been kept for the completion of the project. The foundation stone for both the AIIMS units were laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 3, 2019.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1661

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Jammu and Kashmir Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1988
Section 5: [The Estates Officer is empowered to make an order of eviction of unauthorised occupants on failure of a satisfactory response to the notice of eviction]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a): [Right to live on and hold forest land]; Section 4(1): [Forest rights are vested with traditional forest dwellers]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(v): [Wrongfully dispossessing a person of their land and property is a punishable offence]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest department, Samba district administration, Jammu Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

An official in the forest department, who wished to remain anonymous, told LCW that Gujjar and Bakarwal families will soon be evicted from the forestland.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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