Villagers Demand Forest Rights Titles Over Community Land in Odisha's Kalhandi

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

August 26, 2017

August 26, 2017

Updated on

August 26, 2017

Location of Conflict

Balangi

Kalahandi

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

230

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

308

ha

Starting Year

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

In Balangi village located in Odisha's Kalahandi, the forest department carried out plantations on land over which around 32 households had individual forest rights titles over. Further, they fenced the land, restricting the villagers' access to it. This impacted the lives of the villagers, especially women, who collected forest produce for household consumption as well as to sell them. In October 2021, the villagers informed LCW that no plantations were being undertaken in the village in the last few years.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(c): Traditional forest dwellers have a right of ownership access to collect, use, and dispose of minor forest produce that has been traditionally collected within or outside village boundaries; Section 3(1)(i): Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes include the right to protect, regenerate, conserve, or manage any community forest resource; Section 4(5): No member of a forest dwelling Scheduled Tribe or other traditional forest dweller can be evicted or removed from forest land till recognition and verification procedure is completed; Section 5: Holders of forest rights are empowered to ensure that their habitat is preserved from any destructive practices affecting their heritage.
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6: Stipulates the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed and utilised.
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(m): Panchayat and Gram Sabha in Scheduled Areas to be granted ownership of minor forest produce and the power to prevent alienation of land in Scheduled Areas
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Claims for recognition of individual forest rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 have been made and granted to 32 households.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Violation of free prior informed consent

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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