Farmers Demand Compensation for Land Diverted for Thermal Power Plant in Vishakhapatnam

Reported by

Surabhi Bhandari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 20, 2016

September 20, 2016

Updated on

September 20, 2016

Location of Conflict

Palavalasa

Devada

Visakhapatnam

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

48000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

454

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Power

In 1999, the state government allotted 1,122 acres to Hinduja National Power Corporation Ltd (HNPCL) to construct a 1,040megawatt thermal power plant at Palavalasa in Visakhapatnam district. The land acquisition in 15 villages under the four panchayats of Deveda, Pedavalasa, Chinnapalem and Nadupuru has affected more than 10,000 families whose livelihood depends on the land. They now work as daily wage labourers for an income. A majority of this land was waqf land (land belonging to the Muslim Wakf Board), which the farmers were cultivating for generations. "According to the law, even a farmer who grows crops on wakf land has rights over the land and must be paid some compensation, says Narasinga Rao, member of the State Secretariat of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). However, the authorities did not pay any compensation or rehabilitation to the farmers, stating that they did not own the land. The government declared 5,835 acres as wakf land. The farmers were not paid any compensation, says B. Srinivas, former panchayat president of Deveda. Earlier, they used to grow at least two crops of paddy a year, millets and other horticulture crops. It was their only source of livelihood for generations."
In 2012, the state government constituted a committee to look into irregularities in the power project. This included terms of land allotment and delay in commissioning the project. The report was supposed to be released on April 23, 2012, but it was never made public. In July 2016, Hinduja commissioned the project, with coal allocation from Mahanadi Coalfields Limited. However, in 2018, the power purchase agreement was cancelled due to excess supply of power. In January 2020, a case was filed in the Appellate Tribunal of Electricity between the HPNCL and the Andhra Pradesh Electricity Board over the power supply and the cost of power.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

125

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Waqf Act, 1995
Section 51 [Waqf properties may be acquired for a public purpose as per the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 with compensation calculated at the prevailing market rate]; Section 56 [Immovable waqf property which is an agricultural property shall not be leased out for a period exceeding three years]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 9(1) [Persons interested in the land sought to be acquired may make claims for compensation to the Collector]; Section 3(b) [A "person interested" refers to all persons claiming an interest in the compensation to be made on account of the acquisition of land]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i) [The Gram Sabha shall be consulted before any land in Scheduled Areas is acquired for development projects]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh State electricity Board (APSEB)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL)

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hinduja National Power Corporation Ltd

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

YSRCP, CPM, CPI, Pendurthy Assembly Constituency

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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