Farmers Unhappy with Compensation for Canal Project in Andhra Pradesh, Demand More

Reported by

Surabhi Bhandari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

June 18, 2020

June 18, 2020

Updated on

June 18, 2020

Location of Conflict

Kurnool

Anantapur, Kadapa and Chittoor

Kurnool

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Water Management

Irrigation Canal

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

18693

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

The Handri Neeva Sujala Sravanthi (HNSS) project was conceived to provide irrigation facilities to 6.025 lakh acres of land across the four districts of Rayalaseema and to supply drinking water to 33 lakh people. The HNSS has been allocated 40 thousand million cubic (TMC) feet of water from the Krishna river but only if the reservoir levels are above 854 feet; hence, there is no assured allocation of water. The project was first conceived by Sir Arthur Cotton in the British era. The project design, however, was finalised during the N.T. Rama Rao government in 198586. The budget allocations started during the tenure of Y.S. Reddy in 2004. The lengthy time frame has resulted in excessive cost overruns. Meanwhile, in Kurnool district, water is still not flowing to the areas where the canals are partly dug. As of March 2019, officials said that water from the HNSS had filled 135 water tanks across Anantapur. However, activists point out that water is taken through the main canal and not the branch canal, which means that the irrigated area has not expanded. The branch canals are yet to be constructed, and the capacity planned for the canals is inadequate, according to experts. Farmers whose lands were acquired for the project have been demanding better compensation. The government had fixed INR 2.70 lakh per acre and promised a 30% hike over the original price. However, the farmers sought a higher compensation of INR 3 lakh per acre after the government acquired their land for digging distribution and field channels under the project. Lately, the government has invoked the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, to acquire land for the project. But even then it has met with stiff resistance from the people. The farmers whose lands were acquired for the Kuppam branch canal have not been paid their dues for the acquisition. In December 2017, farmers who had given away more than 200 acres of agricultural land to the state government for the Kuppam branch canal put forward their demand for better compensation in front of the state industries minister who visited the project site. In December 2019, officials from the state water resources department proposed to link two projects under the Handri Neeva and Galeru Nagari Linkage scheme. The chief minister laid the foundation stone for the linking project later that month. As of January 2020, the project remains incomplete.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for promised land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

11658.36

Type of investment:

Revised Investment

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 27: Determination of the amount of compensation payable to interested persons; Section 80: When the compensation is not paid or deposited on or before taking possession of the land, then the collector will pay a 9% interest on the amount per annum
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Andhra Pradesh

Case Number

Writ Appeal No. 933 of 2017

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Objections as part of official procedures

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Irrigation Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Backbone Projects Ltd

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of India, YSR Congress

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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