Farmers Unhappy with Compensation for Halon Irrigation Project in MP, Await Rehabilitation

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 16, 2017

January 16, 2017

Updated on

January 16, 2017

Location of Conflict

Karanjiya

Mandla

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

7570

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1680

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

Halon Irrigation Project is one of the 29 major projects identified in the Narmada Master Plan. The project site is about six kilometres from Sijhora village on NH12A (Jabalpur – Raipur Road). When completed, the project is expected to irrigate 13,040 hectares of land in 46 villages of Ghughari, Bichhiya and Mohgaon blocks of Mandla district. The project envisages the construction of a 31metrehigh and 993metrelong composite gravity dam across the Halon river, a subtributary of the Narmada near Karanjiya village, with an estimated cost of INR 278.96 crore. The reservoir will be spread over an area of about 16.80 square kilometres and will create storage of 146.08 million cubic metres. Around 10 villages in Balaghat and five villages in Mandla districts will be partially submerged. Around 1413.02 hectares of private land, 157.29 hectares of revenue land and 109.80 hectares of forestland will come under submergence. As many as 1,577 families will be affected by the project, out of which 664 families are required to be resettled. (See the HalonMandala EIA Executive Summary report) During the land acquisition for the project, some farmers approached the local authorities, saying they got less compensation than promised. Some claimed that their name was not in the compensation list but their land had been taken away. The farmers say that "if this land is snatched from us, how will we take care of ourselves?" They have been continuously staging protest and agitations and many have individually approached local authorities with complaints. They say they will not part with their land unless they get fair compensation and rehabilitation. Rajkumar Sinha from the National Alliance of People's Movement told LCW on October 11, 2019, "The struggle was very active in the initial phase. However, of late it has gone passive." He further added that the government has not taken any decision related to compensation. The dam is being built by a private company. Due to lack of resources, the protests have mellowed down. LCW spoke to Rajkumar Sinha again on August 3, 2020. He said, "The work of some dam is still ongoing. The compensation has been given but the rehabilitation work is incomplete."

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

278.96

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4 [Publication of preliminary notification]; Section 5A [Hearing of objections to the notification]; Section 6 [Declaration that land is required for a public purpose]; Section 9 [Notice to persons interested]; Section 11 [Enquiry and award by collector]; Section 11A [Collector shall make an award within a period of two years from the date of publication of the declaration]; Section 15 read with Sections 23 and 24 [Matters to be considered and neglected in determining the amount of compensation]; Section 17(3A](a) [Before taking possession of any land, the collector shall tender payment of 80 per centum of the compensation for such land as estimated by him to the person interested entitled thereto]; Section 31 [On making an award under Section 11, the collector shall tender payment of the compensation awarded by him to the persons interested entitled thereto according to the award]
National Policy on Resettlement and Rehabilitation for Project Affected Families, 2003
Rehabilitation and resettlement has to be done for the project as per the National Policy on Rehabilitation and Resettlement for Project Affected Families - 2003
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2) [In case of land acquisition proceedings initiated under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, where an award under the said Section 11 has been made five years or more prior to the commencement of this Act but the compensation has not been paid, the said proceedings shall be deemed to have lapsed]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Delay in compensation

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Violation of free prior informed consent

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Water Resource Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

The JV company by Sadbhav Engineering

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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