Families in Katingia Village in Odisha's Kandhamal Await Community Forest Rights Titles

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

July 27, 2017

July 27, 2017

Updated on

July 27, 2017

Location of Conflict

Katingia

Kandhamal

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

552

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

50

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

Around 115 families in Katingia Village of Odisha's Kandhamal district have been demanding community forest rights titles for more than 5 years. About 42 of these families are Individual Forest Rights title holders under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (FRA). The community has also applied for Community Forest Rights (CFR), which is pending for more than 5 years. Members of the community allege that the Forest Department had carried out plantation drives over the land they had claimed CFR rights over. They also added that the forest department had been carrying out the drive through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). A substantial area of land had been fenced off for plantation, preventing the community's access to the land. The families were waiting to get their CFR titles, as it would empower them to both claim the land which was being taken away for plantation activities without their consent and also challenge the decisions of the forest department legally. As of October 2021, the CFR applications are still pending with District Level Committee. However, following repeated objections over the years, the forest department stopped plantation drives under CAMPA in the village. Since the beginning of the Covid pandemic, no plantations have taken place in Katingia village in Kandhamal.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 2(a) [Community Forest Resource defined to be customary forest land to which community had traditional access], Section 3 [Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes to include right of ownership, access to collect, use, etc. minor forest produce which has been traditionally collected within village boundaries], Section 6 [State Government to constitute Sub-Divisional Level Committee to prepare record of forest rights and District Level Committee to finally decide on record of forest rights]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Rules, 2007
Rule 11 [Forest Rights Committee to assist Gram Sabha to prepare claims for community forest rights], Rule 12A(3) [Forest or Revenue Department must communicate to Gram Sabha if there is any modification or rejection of one of its claims], Rule 12A(6) [Forest or Revenue Department to remand claim to Gram Sabha for re-consideration instead of modifying or rejecting the same].
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6 [Provides the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Claims for recognition of individual forest rights and community forest rights have been filed under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. While the IFR titles have been granted, the CFR claims are still pending.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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