On December 28, 2018, residents of Baswapur village in Nalgonda district, along with Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee Treasurer Gudur Narayana Reddy, staged a daylong protest in front of the Yadadri Bhongir District Collectorate demanding compensation for their land that was acquired by the state government for the construction of the Baswapur reservoir.
The reservoir has a capacity of 11.39 thousand million cubic feet (tmcft). It is estimated to submerge more than 3,400 acres of land, of which 1,600 acres belong to farmers. The reservoir was proposed in 2016 as part of the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project, formerly known as the B.R. Ambedkar PranahitaChevella Sujala Sravanthi project.
The capacity of the plant under the PranahitaChevella project was initially proposed at 0.8 tmcft. But it was gradually increased first to 8 tmcft, then to 10 tmcft and finally to 12 tmcft. However, in August 2016, anticipating strong retaliation by farmers, Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao ordered officials to reduce the capacity to 11.39 tmcft to prevent flooding of the villages.
Yet, the farmers continued to fear that the increase in the storage capacity will lead to the acquisition of more land, resulting in further displacement. The state government acquired the lands in early 2018 and completed documentation midyear. But the acquisition was not followed by compensation. In May 2019, when mutiple cases regarding unpaid compensation flooded in, the Telangana High Court refused to halt work, stating that somebody had to sacrifice for the greater good. However, in October 2020, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ruled the environmental clearance given to the project as void because the Telangana government had made several design changes to increase capacity after obtaining the clearance. NGT did not accept the Telangana government's arguments about the changes not involving infrastructural alterations and ordered the stoppage of all work for six months. The project now awaits an expert committee's evaluation of the potential damages that could result from the expansion. The displaced remain uncompensated.
Demand for promised compensation
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Cost of Project
Year of Estimation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 77 [Payment of compensation or deposit of same in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Authority]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Paragraph 7 [Stages in the prior environmental clearance process for new projects] read with Item 1(c) of the Schedule [River Valley projects]
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of LARR Act
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Telangana
W.P. (PIL) No. 304 of 2018
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Irrigation & CAD Department of Telangana
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Megha Engineering & Infrastructure Ltd. (MEIL)
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Congress Party, Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee