Farmers protest new SIPCOT industrial complex project in Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu

Reported by

Hariprasad Radhakrishnan

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

August 22, 2022

August 22, 2022

Updated on

August 22, 2022

Location of Conflict

Paliapattu

Tiruvannamalai

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Industrial Park

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Tamil Nadu

Sector

Industry

Residents of Paliapattu village in the Tiruvannamalai district staged marathon protests which completed 100 days on April 1, 2022. The protests were against the acquisition of farmland for setting up of an industrial park in the region.

The protests broke out after Minister for Public Works EV Velu, who represents the Tiruvannamalai constituency, said, "regardless of who opposes it, the SIPCOT industrial park will be set up near Chengam (a town in Tiruvannamalai)."

Following the remark, the residents staged** **protests, including forming human chains. "We also had a fishing protest. This is because the officials claimed that there was no lake in the area according to the records. Fishing in the lake was a way to demonstrate that the lake was alive and thriving," J Senthil, a teacher who participated in the protests, told LCW.

The protesters, who formed a collective under the banner Paliapattu Anti-SIPCOT Farmers Movement, also filed right to information applications en masse seeking details about the project. They also demanded that the region be declared a protected agricultural zone.

The protestors were especially concerned as it is a fertile land where paddy, sugarcane, flowers, and vegetables are cultivated.

In the aftermath of the protests, however, government authorities have not commented on the project. "Chief Minister MK Stalin is scheduled to travel to Tiruvannamalai early July. We hope there will be an announcement regarding the project at the time," said Senthil.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to cancel the project

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Tamil Nadu Acquisition of Land for Industrial Purposes Act, 1997
Section 3 [State government may acquire land after publishing notice in the Tamil Nadu Government Gazette. State Government must call the land owner or interested parties before publishing the notice. The parties must be given a reasonable opportunity to be heard.]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4(1) [If the government intends to acquire land, it must carry out a Social Impact Assessment study and publish a notification of the SIA study], Section 5 [Public hearing shall be conducted at the affected area to hear affected parties, which shall be recorded in the SIA Report]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Public campaign

Development of a network or collective

Referendum and other local consultations

Artistic and creative actions (theatre, murals, art, music etc)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Paliapattu Anti-SIPCOT Farmers' Movement

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
Paliapattu residents taking out a march against land acquisition for SIPCOT on March 12.

Paliapattu residents taking out a march against land acquisition for SIPCOT on March 12.

Image Credit:  

Twitter/leninbharathi

Paliapattu residents taking out a march against land acquisition for SIPCOT on March 12.

Residents of Paliyapattu staging a demonstration on March 12.

Image Credit:  

Twitter/leninbharathi

Twitter/leninbharathi

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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