Odisha Amends Electricity Act, Farmers Receive Compensation for Transmission Lines in Sambalpur

Reported by

Connor Staggs

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 25, 2019

March 25, 2019

Updated on

March 25, 2019

Location of Conflict

Loindamala

Sambalpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Transmission Lines

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

619

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

461

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Odisha

Sector

Power

Since 2017, the Larsen & Toubro (L&T) electrical company has been building new electrical towers and transmission lines as part of the expansion of the 765kilowatt AngulJharsuguda transmission line in Sambalpur district. Originally proposed in 2011 by the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), the project received permission in December 2016 for the clearance of some 461 hectares of forestland**. *The new electrical lines will help meet the electricity requirements across the southern power grid in Odisha, which has otherwise remained underpowered. Under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, a company would pay the cost of damages caused to structures, crops or trees but would not compensate for the land acquired underneath the transmission lines. In an interview in August 2017, Sambalpur district subcollector Prasanna Das said that a compensation package for damages incurred for the AngulJharsuguda transmission line was being prepared for the villagers, which would be released before the scheduled construction of the transmission line* **on August 12, 2017. However, the compensation was not distributed by the time the construction began. The village residents claim that L&T was forcefully laying electricity wires. When they confronted the officials, the police intervened and assaulted them. They also beat up a women from the village and locked her inside a police vehicle. She was later admitted to the hospital with severe injuries to her legs, back and chest. Her daughter was also assaulted by a member of the POWERGRID.
In September 2017, the Odisha government amended the Electricity Act of 2003 and passed a resolution that directs companies to now pay compensation for laying down transmission lines. As per the new guidelines, landholders are entitled to compensation for the loss of any land due to the laying of transmission lines, in addition to any damages incurred to crops, trees or existing structures on the land. On September 30, the affected people received a compensation package in excess of legal requirements after L&T officials met them. Following this resolution, work on the project resumed.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

September 30, 2017

Why did the conflict end?

After a confrontation between the police and villagers in 2017, the Odisha government amended the Electricity Act of 2003 to provide compensation for land, in addition to compensation for damages on the land. L&T officials handed over the compensation to the affected villagers on September 30, after which the matter was resolved.

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2017, a family was assaulted by L&T company officials and their police escorts. When members of the PGCL arrived at Dhira Sahua's home to forcibly lay the transmission lines on her land, they beat her up and locked her inside a police vehicle. She was later admitted to the hospital, with severe injuries to her legs, back and chest. Her daughter was also assaulted by a member of the PGCL; Land seizure and crop destruction: According to a village resident, L&T seized three to four acres of his farmland to lay electrical wires, taking away his only source of livelihood.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Loindamala, Sambalpur, Odisha

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha Police; District Magistrate, Sambalpur

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited, Larsen & Toubro (L&T India - Electrical & Automation)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Aam Aadmi Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Updated By

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Edited By

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