Odisha Amends Electricity Act, Farmers Receive Compensation for Transmission Lines in Sambalpur

Reported by

Connor StaggsLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 5, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Transmission Lines



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Since 2017, the Larsen & Toubro (L&T) electrical company has been building new electrical towers and transmission lines as part of the expansion of the 765kilowatt AngulJharsuguda transmission line in Sambalpur district. Originally proposed in 2011 by the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), the project received permission in December 2016 for the clearance of some 461 hectares of forestland**. *The new electrical lines will help meet the electricity requirements across the southern power grid in Odisha, which has otherwise remained underpowered. Under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, a company would pay the cost of damages caused to structures, crops or trees but would not compensate for the land acquired underneath the transmission lines. In an interview in August 2017, Sambalpur district subcollector Prasanna Das said that a compensation package for damages incurred for the AngulJharsuguda transmission line was being prepared for the villagers, which would be released before the scheduled construction of the transmission line* **on August 12, 2017. However, the compensation was not distributed by the time the construction began. The village residents claim that L&T was forcefully laying electricity wires. When they confronted the officials, the police intervened and assaulted them. They also beat up a women from the village and locked her inside a police vehicle. She was later admitted to the hospital with severe injuries to her legs, back and chest. Her daughter was also assaulted by a member of the POWERGRID.
In September 2017, the Odisha government amended the Electricity Act of 2003 and passed a resolution that directs companies to now pay compensation for laying down transmission lines. As per the new guidelines, landholders are entitled to compensation for the loss of any land due to the laying of transmission lines, in addition to any damages incurred to crops, trees or existing structures on the land. On September 30, the affected people received a compensation package in excess of legal requirements after L&T officials met them. Following this resolution, work on the project resumed.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

September 30, 2017

Why did the conflict end?

After a confrontation between the police and villagers in 2017, the Odisha government amended the Electricity Act of 2003 to provide compensation for land, in addition to compensation for damages on the land. L&T officials handed over the compensation to the affected villagers on September 30, after which the matter was resolved.

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of promised compensation, Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack, Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2017, a family was assaulted by L&T company officials and their police escorts. When members of the PGCL arrived at Dhira Sahua's home to forcibly lay the transmission lines on her land, they beat her up and locked her inside a police vehicle. She was later admitted to the hospital, with severe injuries to her legs, back and chest. Her daughter was also assaulted by a member of the PGCL; Land seizure and crop destruction: According to a village resident, L&T seized three to four acres of his farmland to lay electrical wires, taking away his only source of livelihood.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Loindamala, Sambalpur, Odisha

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha Police; District Magistrate, Sambalpur

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited, Larsen & Toubro (L&T India - Electrical & Automation)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Aam Aadmi Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Connor Staggs

Reviewed By

Connor Staggs

Updated By

Connor Staggs

Edited By

Connor StaggsLand Conflict Watch

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