Environmental activists and the forest department of the state have opposed the proposed allotment of 82 acres of land next to Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary (AWS) to the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the accommodation of its 1st Battalion. Spread across an area of 78.64 square kilometres on the eastern fringe of Guwahati, the sanctuary is home to several endangered and rare wildlife species and hosts a sizeable elephant population. It has been pointed out that the Narengi Military Station, which shares its border with the sanctuary, has witnessed humanwildlife conflicts in the past, in which about 50 elephants have lost their lives. Environmentalists and wildlife activists fear that any further allotment of land will worsen the situation. In 2019, the Assam government set up AntiDepedration Squads to tackle the rising cases of humanwildlife conflicts in the state. The Minutes of the 24th Expert Committee Meeting for the Declaration of EcoSensitive Zone of the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, held on February 2728, 2017, show that Amchang was among the eight protected areas proposed by the state to be declared an Ecosensitive Zone (ESZ). Although its exact status could not be confirmed, a statement attributed to a forest official by the media suggests that AWS has been declared an ESZ and that the proposed land for allotment falls under the same zone. In December 2020, environmentalist Rohit Choudhury wrote a letter to Chief Minister Sarbanada Sonowal stressing the ecological significance of AWS while asking his government to cancel the proposed allotment. Citing correspondences with the forest department, the letter stated that the land allotment may pose a threat to the wildlife habitat and human settlements near the sanctuary. Soon, other wildlife activists and the All Assam Students Union, too, expressed their concern about the proposed allotment. It was also revealed through an RTI filed by Choudhury that Major General Jarken Gamlin, the Commanding General Officer of Headquarters, Narengi Cantonment, had written a letter to the state government on July 3, 2020, seeking either relocation of elephants from the sanctuary or compensation of INR 15 lakh for property damage. The local media reported that several leading wildlife experts and organisations had rejected the Armys proposal calling it impractical. Rathin Barman, joint director of the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), was quoted as saying. Massive resources, mechanism, funds and expertise will be required to relocate wild animals from Amchang. Kaushik Baruah, a wildlife conservationist, told the media that elephants were always there. The base came later. The entire area was once part of the Amchang forest. India has the worlds largest (60 per cent approximately) number of Wild Asian elephants. Every year, over 500 humans get killed in encounters with elephants while more than 100 elephants die because of humanrelated activities.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Opposition against environmental degradation
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Department of Environment and Forests, Government of Assam
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
All Assam Students' Union, Wildlife Trust of India
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Environmental Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of environmental laws
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?