Delay in Compensation Stalls Transit Transport Project in Mizoram, Farmers Continue Strike

Reported by

Alinery Lalngilneii Lianhlawng

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 18, 2016

October 18, 2016

Updated on

October 18, 2016

Location of Conflict

Lawngtlai

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

331

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

16

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Mizoram

Sector

Infrastructure

Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project is the cornerstone in India's Look East Policy, which aims at building economic and strategic relations with South Asian nations. In April 2008, the Congressled United Progressive Alliance government entered into an agreement with Myanmar to facilitate the implementation of the project. The aim was to develop a multimodal transit transport system to the Northeastern states through Myanmar. The transit route was envisaged between Kolkata and Mizoram. Forty acres of land were to be acquired for the 87kilometre highway from 331 farmers, who started demanding compensation for their land in 2012, when the survey for the project was completed. They have organised several strikes and blockades over the years demanding immediate compensation, which led to the project missing completion deadlines twice. The third deadline was set on December 30, 2018, but this was missed as well. The underlying problem with compensation is the absence of land records. Since 2012, several huts have sprung up along the highway at the border, and the number of people demanding compensation have began to swell, according to an anonymous official talking to the media. A few years prior to 2018, the government compensated some landowners, but they lodged a complaint stating that namesake compensation had been given to fraudulant individuals. In 2018, the state government submitted a proposal to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways to widen the highway till Silchar in Assam. This implied that more land was needed to be acquired, thus delaying the compensation process further. On January 8, 2020, after the government cancelled the Detailed Project Report for compensation amounting to more than INR 50 crore, the Lawngtlai District Land Owners' Association (LDLAO) issued a stay order on the construction, demanding immediate compensation. At that point, construction work was 81 per cent complete. The association president stated that LDLOA would set a deadline for the payment of compensation, failing which it will go on strike until landowners are paid. The stay order, however, was revoked on January 14. Over time, other issues, such as waste dumping and change of land rate, have created additional challenges. There have been complaints that the construction waste has not been disposed of at the right place resulting in ecological degradation. There have reportedly been 19 deaths since the project began 13 due to malaria and six from onsite accidents. The PWD estimates that by the time the construction is completed, nine million litres of diesel would have been guzzled, 3,100 trees felled and 18 million cubic metres of soil removed. The issue remains unsettled as the stakeholders have refused to come to a mutual agreement.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1011.52

Type of investment:

Revised Investment

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Constitution of India, 1950
Articles 244(2) and 275(1) read with Paragraph 3, Sixth Schedule [The Regional Council and District Council shall have the power to make laws for the allotment, occupation or use, or the setting apart, of land in Mizoram]
Mizoram (Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement) Act, 2016
Section 23 [Enquiry and land acquisition award by Collector]; Section 26 [Determination of market value of land by Collector]; Section 27 [Determination of amount of compensation]; Section 28 [Parameters to be considered by Collector in determination of award]; Section 77 [Payment of compensation or deposit of same in Authority]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Land record discrepancies

Delay in compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Strikes

Blockades

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Taxation Department Lawngtlai, Government of Myanmar, Ministry of External Affairs, Mizoram Public Works Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Essar Projects India Limited, RDS Project Limited, Atlanta-ARSS JV

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Mizoram Pradesh Congress Party, Mizo National Party, Young Lai Association

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
X

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Join Now