CIDCO Demolishes 25 Houses to Clear Area for Navi Mumbai International Airport

Reported by

Prerna Chaurashe

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 19, 2016

September 19, 2016

Updated on

September 19, 2016

Location of Conflict

Panvel tehsil

Raigad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Airport

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

16800

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2268

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Infrastructure

On May 21, 2019, an antiencroachment team of the City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra (CIDCO) demolished alleged illegal settlements in Panvel built on 32 acres of land that falls in the core area of the Navi Mumbai International Airport. According to a news report, nearly 25 houses were razed to clear the entire stretch for the development of the airport. The CIDCO team faced stiff resistance from the residents, who resorted to stone pelting but were soon overpowered. An earlier demolition attempt was foiled on May 3 as well when the CIDCO squad was forced to retreat by the protesters, who claimed stake on the land. They demanded compensation prior to the start of the airport work. The Navi Mumbai International Airport is a greenfield project proposed to be developed through publicprivate partnership. The project was first proposed in 1997 and was approved by the Union government in 2007. The need for a bigger airport was felt as the existing Mumbai airport was reaching a saturation point. The mega airport project, with two fourkilometre runways, is scheduled for completion in 2030. Navi Mumbai International Airport Limited was formed by GVK Power and Infrastructure and CIDCO to execute the project. CIDCO, a city planning agency formed by the state, is responsible for implementing the project while GVK has been awarded the contract to build and operate the airport. GVK holds 74 per cent stake in the project, and the rest is held by CIDCO and the Airports Authority of India. The airport's core area, allocated for aeronautical activities, spreads across 1,160 hectares. Additionally, three areas have been earmarked for other activities (airportlinked commercial development, such as hotels and retail), taking the total airport area to 2,268 hectares. Three plots of land have also been allocated for rehabilitation and resettlement of the projectaffected people. Around 3,500 people from 10 villages are likely to be displaced. In November 2017, around 2,000 residents of Targhar, Pargaon, Ulwe, Kolhi, Kopar, Ganesh Puri, Chinchpada, Dungi and Manghar villages protested to demand for fair compensation and rehabilitation. The protesters claim that the INR 1,000 granted per square feet back in 2011 for the construction of their new homes was meagre. A month earlier, in October, a protest led by 5,000 residents brought the construction work to halt. A newspaper report quoted a CIDCO official claiming that only 10 per cent of the affected families had vacated their homes while over 3,200 families were still living at the project site. The protesters were determined to remain in their homes until the plots of land allocated for resettlement were developed. On October 27, 2019, following a meeting with CIDCO officials and residents, it was decided that the work would resume with heavy police protection. In the past, the blasting work of hills to clear the land has caused residents to complain about tremors affecting their houses and causing injuries. By 2018, CIDCO had rehabilitated 400 of the 3,500 affected families. In August 2019, the villagers filed complaints pressing their demands. They claimed that while they surrendered their land, CIDCO was yet to fulfil their demands, including prioritising them in employment schemes, compensation for losses in their profession, a welldeveloped plot in lieu of their old homes and community centres and schools. In February 2020, the affected residents were assured by officials, including Urban Development Minister Eknath Shinde, CIDCO Managing Director Lokesh Chandra and Navi Mumbai International Airport Committee President Anil Patil, that they will be compensated soon after a survey was conducted within 15 days. The decision came after a 38day protest held by residents of Waghivali village. In August 2020, the Adani group took over GVK's share in the airport.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for rehabilitation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

16000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Maharashtra Land Revenue Code, 1966
Section 53: [Eviction of people of who are in unauthorised possession of land, necessity of serving notice to vacate]; Section 54: [Removal of property after eviction of unauthorised occupants]
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971
Section 4: [Issue of notice to show cause against an order of eviction]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 6: [Declaration that land is required for public purpose]; Section 11: [Enquiry by the District Collector and determination of the amount of compensation to be paid to interested persons]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Stone pelting

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Airports Authority of India, Ministry of Civil Aviation, City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Maharashtra Airport Development Company Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Navi Mumbai International Airport Private Limited, GVK Power and Infrastructure

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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