2,000 Landless Farmers Demand Khatedari Rights over Disputed Land in Rajasthan

Reported by

Manish Tiwari

Published on

October 15, 2016

October 15, 2016

Updated on

October 15, 2016

Location of Conflict

Dungarpur

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

7042

ha

Starting Year

1992

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Land Use

More than 400 landless tribal families in Dungarpur district live in fear of eviction. These families have been demanding _khatedari _rights over 17,402 acres of land spread across 21 villages in the district. They claim to have been cultivating and living on this land for generations. The disputed land is called 'chak beelanam'. It belonged to the erstwhile king of Dungarpur and was acquired by the state government under the Rajasthan Land Reforms and Acquisition of Land Owners Estates Act, 1963. While the Act states that the land should be allotted to landless persons for the development of agriculture, successive governments failed to ensure this. As a result, some occupants are registered only with _gair khatedari _rights, and several others have technically become encroachers on their own land.
Dungarpur Collector Indrajit Singh informed the media that the bestowing of _khatedari _rights to the landless farmers have been delayed because the erstwhile king's family and the state government are locked in a case over the quantum of compensation. According to the Vagad Mazdoor Kisan Sangathan, fighting for the farmers' cause, "the pending case has no bearing as far as allotment, regularisation or conferment of tenancy rights to tribal families is concerned. The farmers have been denied their rights and are being penalised and issued notices under Section 91 of the Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956.
According to a media report, between 1987 and 1992, 452 families were allotted _gair khatedari _rights, but they are yet to get full _khatedari _rights. The issue acquired a new dimension when a large portion of the land came under the urban periphery of Dungarpur Municipal Council. Now, every time the municipal council plans to undertake a new project, the farmers fear they will be evicted.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Case Laws, Land Reform Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Rajasthan Land Reforms and Acquisition of Landowners' Estates Act, 1963
Section 7: [The state government may acquire landowner’s estates in Rajasthan for the purpose of carrying out agrarian reform by issuing a notification in the official gazette]; Section 8: [All rights, title and interests of the erstwhile owner in the estate will cease upon acquisition]; Section 12: [The state government must pay compensation to every landowner whose estate is acquired]
Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956
Section 91(1): [Any person occupying land without lawful authority is a trespasser who may be summarily evicted by the tehsildar at any point of time]; Section 91(2): [For each agricultural year that he has been in unauthorised occupation of the land, a trespasser is liable to pay a penalty which may extend to 50 times the annual rent of the land]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(2) (proviso ii): [Clearance for developmental projects is subject to Gram Sabha approval]; Section 4(1): [All forest rights mentioned in Section 3 of the Act vest in traditional forest dwellers or forest-dwelling Scheduled Tribes]; Section 4(5): [No member of a forest-dwelling Scheduled Tribe or other traditional forest dweller can be evicted or removed from forestland till the recognition and verification procedure is completed]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i): [Consultation with Gram Sabha is mandatory before undertaking any land acquisition or development project]
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6: [Stipulates the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed and utilised]
Jagpal Singh and Ors. v. State of Punjab (2011 (11) SCC 396, Supreme Court)
By way of an exception, the Supreme Court permitted regularisation of illegal encroachment of common land by members of Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes, in case they were granted a lease under some government notification
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Non-implementation of land reform laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Vagad Mazdoor Kisan Sangathan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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