Residents of Ratanpala Village in Odisha Await Forest Rights Titles

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

October 19, 2017

October 19, 2017

Updated on

October 19, 2017

Location of Conflict

Ratanpala

Kalahandi

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

566

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

352

ha

Starting Year

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

More than 100 families in Ratanpala village in the Kalahandi district of Odisha, are awaiting recognition of their community forest rights for over 870 acres of forest land. The forest department carried out teak and eucalyptus plantations using CAMPA funds in the region, without the gram sabha's consent. The land was also fenced off and access to it restricted. Villagers held several protests and wrote to the district collector, but to no avail. In September 2021, when Land Conflict Watch got in touch with residents of the village, they said that the CFR titles that they had applied for has not been recognised till now. However, land which was fenced off and restricted is open for the community members and no new plantation has taken place since the last 2 years.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 2(a) [Community Forest Resource defined to be customary forest land to which community had traditional access], Section 3 [Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes to include right of ownership, access to collect, use, etc. minor forest produce which has been traditionally collected within village boundaries], Section 6 [State Government to constitute Sub-Divisional Level Committee to prepare record of forest rights and District Level Committee to finally decide on record of forest rights]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Rules, 2007
Rule 11 [Forest Rights Committee to assist Gram Sabha to prepare claims for community forest rights], Rule 12A(3) [Forest or Revenue Department must communicate to Gram Sabha if there is any modification or rejection of one of its claims], Rule 12A(6) [Forest or Revenue Department to remand claim to Gram Sabha for re-consideration instead of modifying or rejecting the same].
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6 [Provides the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Claims for recognition of community forest rights have been filed under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and are pending.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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