Bhils in MP's Manawar against UltraTech Cement Factory, Demand Jobs

Reported by

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 16, 2018

March 16, 2018

Updated on

March 16, 2018

Location of Conflict

Tonki

Temarni, Sondul and Golpura

Dhar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Industry

Cement factory

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

231

ha

Starting Year

2018

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Industry

In 2010, the Birla Group and the Government of Madhya Pradesh signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), allowing UltraTech Cement Limited to set up a factory in Manawar tehsil in Dhar district. Since its inception in 2018, the project has been strongly challenged by the local Bhil population living in 27 villages that will be affected by the project. These villages occupy the command area of the Mann Dam of the Narmada Valley Development Authority. The Bhils fear that their irrigated land will be acquired for the project and that dam waters will be diverted for the factory. In 2018, the state government relocated the villagers and acquired their land. Jai Adivasi Yuva Shakti National Convener Hiralal Alawa said that the Bhils were paid meagre compensation for their land, which was below the market rate. Activists like Prashant Patidar questioned the need for acquisition when land acquired for the Dhar Cement factory was lying vacant. Since Manawar is a Schedule V area, the consent of the gram sabha (Village Assembly) is required according to the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996. Meera from the Narmada Bachao Andolan said that the government chose to go ahead with the project despite rejection by the gram sabha. She also said that the MoU's validity had expired in 2013. The protesters have also alleged the use of the 1984 Land Acquisition Act to acquire land. In March 2018, approximately 10,000 villagers from neighbouring districts assembled in Sodul village in Manawar demanding the return of land and employment in the cement factory. They said that up to 75 per cent of jobs should be reserved for the local people. In May 2019, according to a local newspaper, the state had promised 50 per cent employment in the factory, as per the newly amended state industrial policy. But in an earlier information given by the state revenue minister in the Legislative Assembly in January 2019, only seven persons were employed in the Ultra Tech cement plant three years after the plant was set up.
In July 2019, District Panchayat President Yogendra Singh Muvell submitted a memorandum to the subdivisional magistrate of Dhar district to provide information on whether projectaffected families were given jobs in the company.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for employment

Demand to get back acquired land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

3200

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24 [This section talks about retrospective applicability of the 2013 law to cases dealt under the 1894 Land Acquisition Act]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11 [This section provides for the district collector to award compensation]; Section 23 [This section lays down the factors to be considered while determining the amount of compensation]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(h)(i) [Consultation with the gram panchayat in Schedule V areas]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(f) [This section makes it punishable to wrongfully occupy land owned or possessed by a member of the SC or ST community]; Section 3(1)(g) [This section makes wrongful dispossession of land of a member of SC or ST community punishable]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Madhya Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Ultra Tech Cement Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Narmada Bachao Andolan, Jai Adivasi Yuva Shakti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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