Bhandup Wetland in Maharashtra Buried Under Mountain of Debris, Shrinking in Size

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Published on

September 20, 2019

September 20, 2019

Updated on

September 20, 2019

Location of Conflict

Bhandup

Mumbai

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Wetland used to dump construction debris

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

40

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Land Use

In April 2019, environmental group Vanashakti filed a complaint with the Mumbai suburban district administration, Mumbai police and the state government about construction debris being dumped on wetlands, grasslands and salt pans spread across 45 acres in Bhandup (East). The debris has reached a height of 20 feet. As per the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2011, salt pans are ecologically sensitive areas falling under the category CRZ1, where no development activity is allowed, except exploration of natural gas and extraction of salts. Vanashakti submitted a satellite map of the site as proof of illegal landfilling. The debris is allegedly being dumped by builders and the Mumbai Metro Railway Corporation (MMRC) from its works of Metro Line 3. Earlier in 2017, citizens' group Shree Ekvira Aai Pratishthan had filed a complaint with the suburban collector, mangrove cell and civic body of Bhandup against the illegal reclamation of wetlands, banned by the Bombay High Court in 2012. The authorities are yet to take any action. The wetlands form a stopover for migratory birds under the Central Asian Flyway and are located adjacent to the Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary. They are home to 30 different bird species, four of which are nearthreatened and 14 are migratory. Seven of these species fall under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, while the remaining 23 are categorised under Schedule IV of the Act, offering them protection against hunting, trafficking and other offences. Sedimentation through the disposal of sewage or solid waste in this zone has made the creek shallower over the past five decades. It has become a suitable habitat for mangroves to grow rapidly.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
Section 7(i)(A)(f): Salt marshes come within CRZ-I; Section 8(i): No developmental activities in CRZ-I with the exception those specified
Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017
Rule 3: Wetlands Rules to not apply to wetlands falling under a CRZ
Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Schedule I: 7 species in the wetland fall under Schedule I
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, Bombay High Court, Mumbai Metro Railway Corporation, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Vanashakti, Shree Ekvira Aai Pratishthan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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