Ananthapuramu solar power park oustees demand higher compensation for their land

Reported by

Rahul Maganti

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 20, 2016

October 20, 2016

Updated on

October 20, 2016

Location of Conflict

NP Kunta

Kothapalli village in NP Kunta mandal, Veligallu and Thumukunta village in Galliveedu mandal

Anantapuramu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Renewable Power

Solar Power Park

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1212

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2906

ha

Starting Year

2014

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Power

The 1500-megaWatt NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park is spread across 11,000 acres in Ananthapuramu district. It commenced operations in 2016 when land was acquired for the same. The solar power park is a joint venture of Andhra Pradesh Solar Power Corporation Pvt Ltd, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd, APTRANSCO, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation, andNew & Renewable Energy Development Corporation of AP Ltd. They acquired lands from the farmers and leased it to five private power generators (Tata Power Renewable Energy, Azure Power Thirty Six Pvt. Ltd, ACME Solar Holdings Pvt. Ltd, FRV Power India Pvt. Ltd and NTPC) to set up the power plants. The power generated will be purchased by the Solar Energy Corporation of India and then sold to other companies.
Farmers whose lands were acquired for the park staged protests and stated that the state has given them lesser compensation than promised. Leaders of opposition parties, who led the protests, claimed that though the farmers were promised a compensation of INR 2.1 lakh per acre, they had actually received less compensation. Farmers’ protests also disrupted works on construction of the power plants by the private power generators.
In June 2018, the farmers launched an agitation seeking money for the 56 Darakastu Patta (DKT)-holders (Darakastu Patta holders is a category of people in Andhra Pradesh who are assigned government waste land for the sole purpose of cultivation) and 1,156 S. J. Dhar farmers (A category of farmers who till the land). Outgoing Collector G. Veerapandian re-sent the proposals to Principal Secretary (Energy) Ajay Jain, and the then Chief Minister approved it. The revenue authorities identified 932 members out of the 1,156 Dhar farmers and disbursed ₹9.32 crore. While the remaining persons are seeking compensation, new names have been added to the list, allegedly with political backing.
The project work has thus come to a standstill since June 2019. The project and payment of compensation for the land is shelved.
In March 2020, the Andhra Pradesh government proposed three new solar parks in Ananthapuramu district on land that is not under cultivation. This decision was taken after protests against the solar plant on cultivable land. However, there are no reports to suggest whether these are new projects or if it is the Ananthapuramu plant that has been shifted to a new location.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for promised land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
26 (determination of market value), 27 (determination of amount of compensation), 77 (payment of compensation) and First Schedule; 31(1), 38(1) and Second Schedule (Elements of Relief and Rehabilitation)
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Community-based participatory research

Development of a network or collective

Strikes

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

National Thermal Power Corporation, AP Solar Power Corporation Pvt Ltd, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd, APTRANSCO, AP Industrial Infrastructure Corporation, New & Renewable Energy Development Corporation of A.P Ltd

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Local farmers

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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