8 Villages Refuse to be Relocated from Palamu Tiger Reserve in Jharkhand

Reported by

Nupur SonarLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 13, 2021

Location of Conflict


Latehar, Latu, Kujurum, Pandra, Gutwa, Bijaypur, Henar, Ramandag


This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

Tiger Conservation


Tiger Reserve


People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

In May 2017, eight villages in the Palamu Tiger Reserve in Jharkhand received letters from the forest department proposing to relocate them outside the reserve for expansion of the core area to facilitate tiger breeding. As a result, the villages that were earlier part of the buffer zone of the reserve will now fall within the core area. To suggest that this was an urgent matter, the letter cited a Jharkhand High Court order of February 2017, which concerned a public interest litigation on the decreasing tiger numbers in Palamu. Of the eight villages, Kujurum, Latu, Pandra, Gopkhar, Gutwa, Bijaypur and Henar are located in Garu block in Palamu district, and Ramandag village is located in Barwadih block in Latehar district. According to media reports, the families proposed to be relocated have been offered INR 15 lakh as compensation, which includes the cost of land for construction of a house and cost of construction as well. In August 2017, the residents of six villages in Garu block held a demonstration outside the office of the block development officer (BDO). They also wrote letters to the forest officer and the BDO, opposing the proposal to relocate them. They held more demonstrations in November and December where they also opposed the move to expand the tiger reserve. According to media reports, Gopakhar village is home to the Nagesia tribe, classified as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. The tribe was displaced in the 1950s when a reservoir and a residential school were built in the Netarhat hills. Residents of all the eight villages depend on agriculture and forest produce for their livelihood. "Though the forest department says Kujurum and Latu residents want to move, we do not agree on this. We received news that Kujurum villagers refused to shift to Dubiyakhad between Daltonganj and Betla as the land there is rocky. There is a proposal to shift them to Mahuadanr block in Latehar, but there are already people living there," said Jerome Kujur, in an interview to _Down To Earth _in December 2018. Kujur is the general secretary of Jan Sangharsh Samiti, a Jharkhand-based organisation fighting for people's livelihoods. There is immense pressure on two villages, Latu and Kujurum, to consent to the relocation, but the residents have refused.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Jharkhand

Case Number

W.P. (PIL) No.1615 of 2013

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department of Jharkhand, National Tiger Conservation Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Nupur Sonar

Reviewed By

Nupur Sonar

Updated By

Nupur Sonar

Edited By

Nupur SonarLand Conflict Watch

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