Families Evicted from Agricultural Land in Jammu, Clash with Police

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

May 20, 2020

May 20, 2020

Updated on

May 20, 2020

Location of Conflict

Chak Sardar Attar Singh

Jammu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Eviction from agricultural land

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

67

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

19

ha

Starting Year

2019

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Land Use

The residents of Chak Sardar Attar Singh village in Mandal tehsil are up in arms against the Jammu Development Authority (JDA) over an antiencroachment drive, which led the government to take possession of 19 hectares of land. On May 20, 2019, a team of the JDA and police launched a sixhour drive and blocked the access of farmers to the agricultural land. When the people resisted, it led to a clash, in which two women fell unconscious and several were injured. Some people were also detained. The land in question belongs to the JDA and was lying vacant for a few years. In 2019, 14 families living nearby started practicing agriculture on this land, which is their only source of livelihood. They have now demanded the JDA to regularize their occupation and allow them to continue farming. Any form of settlement or agricultural use of common land is considered encroachment by the state, as such land is owned by the government. The Jammu and Kashmir government has transferred around 9,479 acres of land to the (JDA) for development since 1973 out of which 6,818 acres are yet to be demarcated. According to the officials, a total of 1,510 acres of land in Jammu city has been encroached upon. Sukhnandan Choudhary, former legislator and state minister, condemned the police action. He told LCW** **that the administration is doing injustice to the residents, pointing out that they had not erected any concrete buildings on the land and were simply farming. He added that the families would die of hunger if their only means of livelihood is taken away from them. In July 2020, to combat encroachment of around 1500 acres of government land, the union territory administration ordered a ban on all kinds of construction activities on a large stretch of land in the Nikki Tawi area, including villages of Rakh Raipur, Chak Ganeshu and Chak Sardar Attar Singh of Jammu district. "In exercise of powers vested in me under section 144 CrPc, I do hereby restrain all persons, agencies, firms or anybody from raising any boundary wall, laying plinth or raising any other pucca or kacha construction (residential or commercial) on all kinds of land in villages Jammu Khas, Rakh Raipur, Chak Ganeshu and Chak Sardar Attar Singh", read the order by the Jammu District Magistrate Sushma Chauhan.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Procedural Laws, Constitutional Law, Land Reform Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
Section 144 [Power of the District Magistrate to pass orders]
Constitution of India, 1950
Art. 19 (1) (g) [Right to practice any trade or profession]
Jammu and Kashmir Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1988
Section 4 [Notice should be issued by the estate officer to the person in unauthorised possession to show cause as to why an order of eviction should not be made against them]; Section 5 [Power to evict unauthorised occupants of public land];
Jammu and Kashmir Development Act, 1970
Section 11A [Permitted land use and levy of land use charges]; Section 15 [No person can make any developments on a land after the coming into force of the a zonal development plan in place]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Jammu and Kashmir

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Lathicharge/teargas/pellets

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Police lathicharged protestors

Date of Violation

May 20, 2019

Location of Violation

Chak Sardar Attar Singh

Nature of Protest

Blockades

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Sukhnandhan Chowdhary, former state minister, said the administration was doing injustice to the 14 families who were evicted and that they would die of hunger if their only means of livelihood is taken away from them.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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