Jaipur Municipal Corporation Plans to Evict Shopkeepers Near Historic Wall

Reported by

Manish Tiwari

Published on

October 20, 2016

October 20, 2016

Updated on

October 20, 2016

Location of Conflict

Bapu Bazar

Jaipur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Urban Development (Other than Smart Cities)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

10000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Infrastructure

The historic wall of Jaipur is a protected monument. However, anthropogenic pressure is breaking down the structure. Taking cognisance of this, the Rajasthan High Court in 2015 instructed the Jaipur Municipal Corporation (JMC) to identify the encroachments near the walled area. Records show JMC has identified 1,868 houses or shops constructed within 5 metres of the parkota, or the heritage wall. Owners of these houses or shops allege that JMC has has issued notices to demolish the constructions without providing any alternative relocation. The case goes back to 1953 when refugees from Sindh were allotted shops near the heritage wall. The prescribed size of each shop was 10x24 feet. There was a 6feet walkway between the shops and the heritage wall. In 1978, the rehabilitation department sold this 6feet walkway to the shopkeepers for Rs 1,000 each. Observers say that the shopkeepers gradually extended their shops, which now touched the heritage wall, and are of the size 10x3035. While JMC has declared these constructions as encroachments, people say the land was allotted to them by the state government so JMC has no right to oust them. The demolition will reportedly affect about 10,000 people and 5,000 houses. In July 2019, the UNESCO has recognised the Walled city as world heritage site. While the government authorities are pushing for anti encroachment drive, COVID19 pandemic has further delayed their efforts. In March 2021, JMC and the police officials launched a joint drive to remove encroachments.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Rajasthan Municipalities Act, 2009
Section 245 [Empowers the municipal corporation to remove any encroachment on land/ space not being private property and also provides for penalty for making such encroachment]
Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904
Section 3 [Central Government may declare an ancient monument to be a protected monument within the meaning of the Act]
Rajasthan Monuments, Archaeological Sites and Antiquities Act, 1961
Section 3 [State Government may declare an ancient monument to be a protected monument for the purposes of the Act]
Jaipur Master Development Plan, 2025
Volume II, Chapter 2.8 [Management of the Walled City as a part of the development plan for Jaipur U1 Area]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court

Case Number

D.B. Civil Writ Petition No. 1220 of 2010 and D.B. Civil Writ Petition No. 5158 of 2010

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jaipur Municipal corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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