Villagers of Kamanda, Orissa oppose land acquisition for Rungta Mine Project

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 12, 2016

October 12, 2016

Updated on

October 12, 2016

Location of Conflict

Kamanda

Sundergarh

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Iron Ore Mining

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

75

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

Odisha

Sector

Mining

Rungta Mines Limited, a manganese and iron ore producing conglomerate, sought to take over private land area of 186.34 acres in Kamanda gram panchayat in Odisha.
The company sought to invest around Rs 2,000 crore in the project which would directly affect more than 1,000 people. Most of the area is forest land which calls for the consent of Gram Sabhas under the Forest Rights Act. On March 23, 2016, the Kamanda panchayat gram sabha rejected the move for land acquisition for the project as all the 400 members of the gram sabha unanimously voted against handing over of their land to the mining company. In the meeting, they accused the officials of Rungta Mines of land grabbing and forging Gram Sabha resolutions. They also highlighted and protested against the illegal construction of walls on both private and community lands, false promises of jobs and land grabbing activities engaged in by the officials of the company.
From 2019 onwards there have been plans of expansion, of the Rungta Mines in Sundargarh with a public hearing for expansion of the Kamanda Steel Plant being held on March 9, where it is reported that the management has agreed to the demands of the public and therefore got their nod.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

2200

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 4(e) [Consent of the Gram Sabha to the resettlement and rehabilitation package to be obtained in writing]
Forest (Conservation) Amendment Rules, 2016
Rule 6 (3)(e)(ii) [Consent of Gram Sabha required for diversion of forest land]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(e) [Prior approval of Gram Sabha required for projects of social and economic development]
Odisha Land Grabbing (Prohibition) Ordinance, 2015
Section 4 [Punishment for land grabbing to be imprisonment for up to seven years and fine]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Section 7(i)(III) [Public Consultation regarding impact of a proposed project to be conducted by the State Pollution Control Board]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Demand for provisions of the FRA relating to consent of Gram Sabha to be strictly implemented.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Demand for provisions of the FRA relating to consent of Gram Sabha to be strictly implemented.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Karnataka

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Referendum and other local consultations

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Industrial Development Corporation , Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Rungta Mines Ltd.

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Villagers of Kamanda

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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