Farmers Refuse to Give Land for Upper Narmada Irrigation Project in MP

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 7, 2017

January 7, 2017

Updated on

January 7, 2017

Location of Conflict

Shobhapur

Rinatola tehsil in Dindori district and Anuppur district

Dindori

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

6634

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2438

ha

Starting Year

2001

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

In 2001, the Narmada Valley Development Authority sanctioned the Upper Narmada Irrigation project, a multipurpose dam to be built on the Narmada river in Anuppur and Dindori districts. The project also involved a composite dam to be built in the neighbouring village of Shobhapur in Rinatola tehsil in Dindori. The project proposed to irrigate 18,616 hectares of area in Anuppur and Dindori districts. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change as well as the Ministry of Tribal Affairs cleared the project along with the Rehabilitation and Resettlement plan that would be applied to 27 villages that are likely to be submerged. The project has met with stiff opposition by the residents of these villages. They do not want to give away their land and have filed a petition in the Madhya Pradesh high court. Struggle and controversy related to the project has been ongoing since early 2000s when the contract to start work was granted. Since 2011, there has been strong opposition against the project after the contract to build the dam was awarded. The notification to acquire land was issued as per the new LARR Act, 2013. In 2016, it was reported that the Narmada Valley Development Authority was likely to reconsider the project in light of the opposition to dam construction and land acquisition. But in May 2020, the state government, through Narmada Basin Projects Company Limited, signed an MoU with the Central governments Power Finance Corporation to reinstate the project and get a loan to complete the construction work.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

569.59

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Sections 4, 5, and 6 [These sections are related to the process for social impact assessment, which do not apply to irrigation projects, hence it's a shortcoming of the law]; Section 11 [This section provides for issuance of a notification informing the affected community about the project and acquisition]; Section 15 [This section allows for people interested in the land being acquired to object to such acquisition]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Section 7(i) [due process not followed before starting the project]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Madhya Pradesh

Case Number

W.P. No. 20725/2011

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Central Water Commission

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Narmada Valley Development Authority, Narmada Basin Projects Company Limited, Power Finance Corporation

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Medha Engineering Infrastructures

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Janta Dal United, Gondwana Gantantra Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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