Tata Steel establishes SEZ at Gopalpur leaving many displaced and without proper compensation

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 13, 2016

October 13, 2016

Updated on

October 13, 2016

Location of Conflict

Gopalpur

Ganjam

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2833

ha

Starting Year

1996

State

Odisha

Sector

Infrastructure

Gopalpur has been in the news for the last 20 years because of a conflict between Tata Steel and local farmers, initially over the establishment of an integrated steel plant and a township in the Ganjam district. The conflict then extended to the creation of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) on the same land.
In 1997, following the death of two women protesting the proposed plant at a protest rally, Tata Steel abandoned the project. Tata kept hold of about 3,000 acres of fertile agricultural land even after abandoning the steel project. In 2010, Tata Steel established a new multi-product SEZ in Gopalpur including an industrial park to attract high bidding investors. In 2015, almost 500 protestors from among those displaced by the project marched under the banner of ‘Tata Visthapita Manch’ demanding a revised compensation for their land acquired by the company by fifty lakh rupees per acre as well as permanent employment to one member of each displaced family. Even in 2019, many continued to be without jobs, despite being promised otherwise, and therefore continued to protest.
Apart from the Industrial park, the state government announced its plan on September, 2020 , reportedly to set up a Bulk Drug Park in Gopalpur to industrialize the pharmaceutical sector and provide further employment opportunities to the local community.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for employment

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

20000

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4 [Whenever land in a locality is needed for a company, a notification to that effect shall be published and a public notice shall be issued]; Section 12 [After a notification under Section 4 has been issued, the Collector shall make an award containing the compensation which in his opinion must be allowed]; Section 16 [The Collector shall take possession of the land, free from all encumbrances, after an award under Section 11 has been made]; Section 18(1) [If there is a dispute regarding the amount of compensation due, any interested person may approach the court]
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Section 9 [Preference should be given to the members of the displaced families in the matter of employment
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
Section 3(2) [Any person intending to set up a SEZ may make a proposal to the State Government after identifying the area for the project]; Section 5(1)(d) [While notifying a Special Economic Zone, the Central Government shall be guided by the need for creation of employment opportunities];
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Yes

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Industrial Development Corporation , Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Tata Steel Ltd.

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Local Farmers

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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