Slum Dwellers in Kolkata Assaulted, Forcefully Evicted for Beautification Drive

Reported by

Mitali Biswas

Published on

September 12, 2017

September 12, 2017

Updated on

September 12, 2017

Location of Conflict

Subhas Sarovar

Kolkata

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Tourism

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

106

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

West Bengal

Sector

Industry

On September 10, 2017, local leaders of the Trinamool Congress, along with the police, allegedly demolished a slum settlement with 22 families next to the Subhas Sarovar in Kolkata. The slums were demolished for a "beautification" drive under the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) for the FIFA U-17 World Cup, the final of which was held in Kolkata's Salt Lake Stadium on October 28, 2017. The drive was aimed at providing recreational facilities, such as a food court, joggers park and open-air theatre. After the demolition, students of the National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), under the banner of Increasing Diversity by Increasing Access (IDIA), filed a public interest litigation with three slum dwellers at the Calcutta High Court, challenging the government's decision to evict the slum dwellers. The petition stated that the arbitrary actions of the government amounted to a violation of Articles 14, 19, 21 and 300A of the Constitution. It was also contended that the state authorities were forcing the petitioners and other slum dwellers to evict the area without any notice or rehabilitation scheme in place. Justice Ranjit Kumar Bag granted a stay on the eviction. Meanwhile, the authorities had already begun construction around the area. On September 11, 2017, advocate Aniruddha Chatterjee, appearing for petitioner Shiv Shankar Ray, who had moved the high court earlier seeking a stay on the eviction of the families living there, informed the court that the demolition of the shanties violated the High Court order issued on August 24. The court had ordered the KMDA to relocate all the 22 displaced families in a Kolkata Improvement Trust (KIT) plot near Subhas Sarovar within 24 hours. The 22 families, who have been living in the area for more than a decade, are yet to be rehabilitated. However, as per latest information obtained through local sources on January 29, 2021, there is no agitation going on ground.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

100

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Calcutta High Court

Case Number

Writ Petition No. 21193 (W) of 2017

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Female NUJS students were threatened with rape and were assaulted alongside other students and slum dwellers. Slum dwellers were harassed by the goons and threatened with police charges against them.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, West Bengal Tourism Department, Kolkata Improvement Trust

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Students of NUJS (National University of Jurisdical Sciences), Increasing Diversity by Increasing Access (IDIA)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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